Bessie (lake monster)

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GroupingLake Monster / Sea Serpent
Other name(s)South Bay Bessie
CountryUnited States, Canada
RegionLake Erie
DetailsFound in water

In northeastern Ohio and Michigan folklore, Bessie is a name given to a lake monster in Lake Erie,[1][2] also known as South Bay Bessie[3] or simply The Lake Erie Monster. The first recorded sighting of Bessie occurred in 1817,[2] and more sightings have occurred intermittently and in greater frequency in the last three decades.[2] Bessie is reported to be snake-like and 30 to 40 ft (9.1 to 12.2 m) long, at least a foot in diameter, with a grayish color.[2]


While shooting at ducks north of Sandusky, Ohio, in 1793, the captain of the sloop Bay Rat startled a large creature (snake) described as "more than a rod (16 ½ ft.) in length"[citation needed]

July 1817, the crew of a schooner reported a 30 to 40 ft (9.1 to 12.2 m) long serpent, dark in color.[citation needed]

Later that year, another boat crew spotted a similar animal, this time copper-colored and 60 feet (18 m) in length. This time, they shot at it with muskets, which had no visible effect.[citation needed]

A third 1817 incident took place near Toledo, when French settlers—two brothers named Dusseau—encountered a huge monster on the beach, writhing in what they took to be its death throes. The brothers described it as between 20 and 30 feet (6.1 and 9.1 m) in length and shaped like a large sturgeon, except that it had arms. The panicked brothers fled the scene, and when they returned later, the creature had disappeared, presumably carried off by waves after its death. All that was left of its presence were marks on the beach and a number of silver scales about the size of silver dollars. [citation needed]

An extraordinary sighting which was carried by local newspapers took place by the entire crew of a ship bound from Africa to Toledo, Ohio, in July 1892. The crew (including captain) saw a large area of water about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) ahead of them churned up and foaming. As they approached they saw "a huge sea serpent" that appeared to be "wrestling about in the waters, as if fighting with an unseen foe." They observed as the creature relaxed itself and stretched out full length—estimated at 500 feet (150 m) long and 40 feet (12 m) in circumference—with its head sticking up above the water an additional 4 feet (1.2 m). The brownish creature's eyes were described as "viciously sparkling" and large fins were also noted.[citation needed]

Crystal Beach near Fort Erie was the scene of another sighting on May 5, 1896. This time there were four eyewitnesses who watched for 45 minutes as a 30 feet (9.1 m) creature with a dog-shaped head and pointy tail churned up the water as it swam about until finally disappearing before nightfall.[citation needed]

There were some sightings of the alleged monster in 1969, the 1980s and in 1993.[citation needed] Local marina owner Thomas Solberg offered a reward of $5,000 "for anyone who captures South Bay Bessie alive".[4]

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ Edward McClelland, Bessie: The Lake Erie Monster, in Folktales and Legends of the Middle West, Belt Publishing 2018. Retrieved Oct. 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Happy Anniversary Loch Nessie, from Lake Erie's Bessie!". November 12, 2007. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  3. ^ ""South Bay Bessie" A Monster in Lake Erie". Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "Legend of Lake Erie Monster Rises Again". Los Angeles Times (Associated Press). September 30, 1990. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  5. ^ Cassady Jr, Charles (August 12, 2009). "Summer Reading Excerpt Part III (excerpt of Paranormal Great Lakes: An Illustrated Encyclopedia)". Cleveland Scene. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  6. ^ Zurcher, Neil (May 22, 2010). "Prehistoric Forest and Mystery Hill Family Fun Center will close its doors next fall". Retrieved August 13, 2015.
  7. ^ "Lake Erie Monsters announced as new team name". January 25, 2007. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2007.