Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
|Right ascension||12h 46m 16.80410s|
|Declination||–68° 06′ 29.2164″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||3.05 (3.51 + 4.01)|
|Spectral type||B2 V + B3 V|
|U−B color index||–0.766|
|B−V color index||–0.198|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||+42 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: –41.97 mas/yr |
Dec.: –8.89 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||9.55 ± 0.41 mas|
|Distance||340 ± 10 ly |
(105 ± 4 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||−2.06|
|Period (P)||194.28 yr|
|Semi-major axis (a)||0.969″|
|Longitude of the node (Ω)||349.4°|
|Periastron epoch (T)||1857.50|
|Argument of periastron (ω)|
|β Mus A|
|Age||15.1 ± 1.2 Myr|
|β Mus B|
Beta Muscae, Latinized from β Muscae, is a binary star in the southern circumpolar constellation of Musca. With a combined apparent visual magnitude of 3.07, it is the second brightest star (or star system) in the constellation. Judging by the parallax results, it is located at a distance of roughly 340 ± 13 light-years (105 ± 4 parsecs) from the Earth.
This is a binary star system with a period of about 194 years at an orbital eccentricity of 0.6. As of 2007, the two stars had an angular separation of 1.206 arcseconds at a position angle of 35°. The components are main sequence stars of similar size and appearance. The primary component, β Muscae A, has an apparent magnitude of 3.51, a stellar classification of B2 V, and about 7.35 times the Sun's mass. The secondary component, β Muscae B, has an apparent magnitude of 4.01, a stellar classification of B3 V, and is about 6.40 times the mass of the Sun.
This is a confirmed member of the Scorpius-Centaurus Association, which is a group of stars with similar ages, locations, and trajectories through space, implying that they formed together in the same molecular cloud. Beta Muscae is considered a runaway star system as it has a high peculiar velocity of 43.9 km s−1 relative to the normal galactic rotation. Runaway stars can be produced through several means, such as through an encounter with another binary star system. Binary systems form a relatively small fraction of the total population of runaway stars.
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