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- Not to be confused with the Order of Our Lady of Bethlehem or the Our Lady of Betlem, the latter spoken of in articles in the Osservatore Romano as an illegitimate order.
The Betlemitani or Military order of cross-bearers with the red star on a blue field was a military order active in the 12th to 15th centuries. It arose in the Holy Land under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Bethlehem.
- (Italian) G. Visconti. Diocesi di Asti e Istituti di vita religiosa, lineamenti per una storia, Gazzetta d'Asti, 2006
- (Italian) G. Bosio. Storia della Chiesa di Asti, ristampa anastatica, Asti 2003.ISBN 88-88491-18-X