Bezold's abscess

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Bezold's abscess
SpecialtyOtorhinolaryngology Edit this on Wikidata

Bezold's abscess is an abscess deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle where pus from mastoiditis erodes through the cortex of the mastoid part of the temporal bone, medial to the attachment of sternocleidomastoid, extends into the infratemporal fossa, and deep to the investing layer of the deep cervical fascia. It is a rare complication of acute otitis media.[1]

Symptoms[edit]

Symptoms may include:

Diagnosis[edit]

CT scan of mastoid and swelling of the neck.

Differential diagnosis should include:

  • Acute upper jugular lymphadenitis
  • Abscess or mass in Lower part of parotid
  • Infected branchial cyst
  • Parapharyngeal abscess
  • Jugular vein thrombosis

Treatment[edit]

Cortical mastoidectomy for mastoiditis. Exploration of fistulous opening into the soft tissues of neck. Drainage of the neck abscess from a separate incision and insertion of a drain. Administration of intravenous antibiotics guided by the culture and sensitivity of the pus.

Eponym[edit]

It is named after Friedrich Bezold (German otologist, 1842–1908).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marioni G, de Filippis C, Tregnaghi A, Marchese-Ragona R, Staffieri A (November 2001). "Bezold's abscess in children: case report and review of the literature". Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol. 61 (2): 173–7. doi:10.1016/S0165-5876(01)00564-X. PMID 11589986.
  2. ^ von Bezold, F. (1885). "Ein neuer Weg für die Ausbreitung einer eitrigen Entzündung aus den Räumen des Mittelohrs auf die Nachbarschaft und die in diesem Fall einzuschlagende Therapie". Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. Berlin. 7: 381–5.

External links[edit]

Classification