Biete Medhane Alem

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The rock church Biete Medhane Alem in Lalibela, Ethiopia

Biete Medhane Alem is an Orthodox underground monolith rock-cut church located in Lalibela, Ethiopia.[1] It was built during the Zagwe dynasty.[2] It is part of UNESCO World Heritage Site at Lalibela.[3] Biete Medhane Alem (House of the Saviour of the World) is home to the Lalibela Cross.

3D Documentation[edit]

The Zamani Project spatially documented the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela during four field campaigns between 2005-2009.[4][5] A 3D model of Biete Medhani Alem was created. The documentation was carried with the support of the Andrew W Mellon Foundation and in co-operation with the World Monuments Funds. Over 1200 terrestrial laser scans where acquired to generate 3D models of 14 monuments. Panorama tours combining photographic full-dome panoramas and covering all churches were also generated. Textured 3D models, panorama tours, elevations, sections and plans are available on


  1. ^ Lonely Planet Guide. "Biete Medhane Alem".
  2. ^ The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Rock-hewn Churches of Lalibela".
  3. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela".
  4. ^ "Spatial documentation of the rock-hewn churches in Lalibela". Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  5. ^ "Challenges in Heritage Documentation with Terrestrial Laser Scanning" (PDF).

Coordinates: 12°02′01″N 39°02′37″E / 12.0337°N 39.0437°E / 12.0337; 39.0437