Big Lava Bed

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Big Lava Bed
Big Lava Bed.jpg
The forested slope in the foreground is part of the Big Lava Bed, a 0.9 cu km lava flow erupted from the cinder cone in the background about 8200 years ago. The lava flow traveled 13 km from the source crater and is the youngest feature of the Indian Heaven volcanic field.
Highest point
Elevation 4,195 feet (1,279 m)
Coordinates 45°54′N 121°45′W / 45.9°N 121.75°W / 45.9; -121.75[1]
Geography
Location Skamania County, Washington, U.S.
Parent range Cascade Range
Geology
Age of rock 6250 BC ± 100 years, in the late Pleistocene to Holocene
Mountain type Fissure vent, Cinder cone, Explosive eruption, and lava field[2][3]
Volcanic arc/belt Indian Heaven
Last eruption 8200 years ago[4]

The Big Lava Bed, located in the Gifford Pinchot National Forest in the southwestern area of the State of Washington, originated from a 500-foot-deep crater in the northern center of the bed. The Big Lava Bed is the youngest feature of the Indian Heaven volcanic field. The 0.9-cubic kilometer lava flow erupted from the cinder cone about 8200 years ago. The lava flow traveled 13 km from the source crater. Lodgepole pine, alder, and other pioneer plants struggle to grow, seen sparsely growing between and amid towering rock piles, caves, and strange lava formations. Access into the interior of the lava bed is difficult, since there are no roads or trails crossing the lava field. Explorers who wish to venture deep within the lava flow are advised to choose their route carefully. Compasses are not always reliable, since local magnetic influences affect their magnetic performance in the vast expanse of rock.[5]

Satellite map showing the various shield volcanoes topped by cinder and spatter cones that characterizes the Indian Heaven Volcanic Field The Big Lava Flow can be seen as the lighter green/brown area at the bottom center. The orange volcano icon in the flow marks the location of the cinder cone, the lava flow's source.

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