Biggleswade (UK Parliament constituency)

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Biggleswade
Former constituency
for the House of Commons
County Bedfordshire
18851918
Number of members One
Created from Bedfordshire

Biggleswade was a county constituency in Bedfordshire which was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until its abolition in 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when Bedfordshire was divided into Luton and Biggleswade. Biggleswade was the northern division of the county and comprised the sessional divisions of Bedford Biggleswade and Sharnbrook, part of the sessional divisions of Ampthill and the municipal borough of Bedford.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1885 Charles Magniac Liberal
1886 Viscount Baring Liberal Unionist
1892 George W. E. Russell Liberal
1895 Lord Alwyne Compton Liberal Unionist
1906 Arthur Black Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Biggleswade [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Magniac 6,037 57.7 n/a
Conservative Walter Charles Barttelot 4,422 42.3 n/a
Majority 1,615 15.4 n/a
Turnout 78.5 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Biggleswade [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Francis Baring, Viscount Baring 4,853 52.6 +10.3
Liberal Charles Magniac 4,371 47.4 -10.3
Majority 482 5.2 20.6
Turnout 69.2 -9.3
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.3

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Biggleswade [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George William Erskine Russell 5,600 52.6 +5.2
Liberal Unionist Francis Baring, Viscount Baring 5,056 47.4 -5.2
Majority 544 5.2 10.4
Turnout 77.9 +8.7
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +5.2
General Election 1895: Biggleswade [9][10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton 5,643 51.2 +2.8
Liberal George William Erskine Russell 5,376 48.8 -2.8
Majority 267 2.4 5.6
Turnout 80.2 +2.3
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Biggleswade [12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1906: Biggleswade [15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur William Black 6,902 61.6 N/A
Liberal Unionist Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton 4,298 38.4 N/A
Majority 2,604 23.2 N/A
Turnout 79.5 n/a
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Biggleswade [17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur William Black 6,631 52.4 -9.2
Liberal Unionist Rowland Edmund Prothero 6,020 47.6 +9.2
Majority 611 4.8 -18.4
Turnout 90.2 +10.7
Liberal hold Swing -9.2
Sir Arthur Black
General Election December 1910: Biggleswade [19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur William Black 6,536 52.9 +0.5
Liberal Unionist Geoffrey Carr Glyn 5,808 47.1 -0.5
Majority 728 5.8 +1.0
Turnout 88.0 -2.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  6. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  8. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  10. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  13. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  16. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  18. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  20. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  21. ^ Biggleswade Chronicle 15 May 1914