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A Billard draisine, once circulating on the Réseau Breton and preserved by the ACFCdN.

Établissements Billard was a French railway rolling stock construction company based in Tours. It specialised in light railbuses and metre gauge and narrow gauge rolling stock. The business ceased trading in 1956 and later became Socofer.



  • Draisines : These worked on different VFILs, and for the "Big Companies" which became the SNCF.


Billard Locomotive Y 7200
  • T50
  • T75D
  • T75P
  • T75G

These were designed for the French Military Railway. They were used, among other things, to service the Maginot Line.


Billard railbus N° 314, type A 80D, from the Chemin de fer du Vivarais

Railbuses for numerous French VFIPs (secondary railways)

Several European networks

A Billard train for the Diakofto railway (Greece), made up of two cars with a motor van containing a generator to power the traction motors.
  • In Greece
  • In Spain
    • A Micheline was built in the 1930s for the PO
    • Three buses with bogies on a wide chassis worked on the Nord-Est.
    • A series of railbuses with two axles were built for the CFD and the SNCF in 1949 and 1950
    • A series of FNC railbuses were deployed by the SNCF

The solidity of the stock, and the simplicity of construction, means that many Billard engines are still working today.

Preserved Billard rolling stock[edit]


type T 50

type T 75, in several variants (with the series prototype, and some military examples) on the Tacot des Lacs, at the Train Touristique de Saint Trojan and later at APPEVA.

type T 100,


Meter gauge

type A 150D

  • X153, Portes les Valence (bespoke).

type A 150D

type A 80D

type A 150D2 Articulated

Trailer R 210

Standard gauge type A 75D

Rebuilt and modernised vehicles[edit]

Trailing car X 1337 of the Chemins De Fer de Provence, rebuilt by Établissements Garnéro




  • Riffaud, Jean-Claude (1982–1984). "Les automotrice Billard". Magazine des tramways à vapeur et des secondaires ("Steam tramways and secondary railways") (in French). 24. 

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jean-Pierre Crozet (2008). "Les autorails Billard-Soulé". Le chemin de fer franco-éthiopien de Djibouti à Addis-Abeba de 1900 à 1980. Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2009.  (in French)

External links[edit]