# Binary cyclic group

In mathematics, the binary cyclic group of the n-gon is the cyclic group of order 2n, ${\displaystyle C_{2n}}$, thought of as an extension of the cyclic group ${\displaystyle C_{n}}$ by a cyclic group of order 2. It is the binary polyhedral group corresponding to the cyclic group.[1]

In terms of binary polyhedral groups, the binary cyclic group is the preimage of the cyclic group of rotations (${\displaystyle C_{n}<\operatorname {SO} (3)}$) under the 2:1 covering homomorphism

${\displaystyle \operatorname {Spin} (3)\to \operatorname {SO} (3)\,}$

of the special orthogonal group by the spin group.

As a subgroup of the spin group, the binary cyclic group can be described concretely as a discrete subgroup of the unit quaternions, under the isomorphism ${\displaystyle \operatorname {Spin} (3)\cong \operatorname {Sp} (1)}$ where Sp(1) is the multiplicative group of unit quaternions. (For a description of this homomorphism see the article on quaternions and spatial rotations.)