Birgitta Karlström Dorph
Birgitta Karlström Dorph
Märta Birgitta Karlström Dorph
June 5, 1939
|Alma mater||Stockholm School of Economics|
Birgitta Karlström Dorph (born 5 June 1939) is a Swedish diplomat. She is mostly known for her clandestine work in channeling funds from the Swedish government to the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa during the 1980s.
Early life and education
Märta Birgitta Karlström Dorph grew up in Karlstad where she went to the Tingvallagymnasiet. After graduating she studied in the United States, attended the Stockholm School of Economics and worked in France. She finally entered an education at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs where she remained and worked as a diplomat for 44 years.
During twenty of Karlström Dorph's years within the diplomatic corps she worked in Africa where she was stationed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Gaborone, Botswana, among other places. In 1982–88, she worked in Pretoria, South Africa.
While stationed as second in command at the Swedish legation[a] in Pretoria and working as a diplomat, she also had a secret mission. Her job was to get in contact with the leaders of the then prohibited anti-apartheid movement in South Africa and Namibia, and find ways to transfer money from Sweden to support their cause. The operation was initiated by Olof Palme and the Swedish government. These arrangements were clandestine and were not discussed in public in the Riksdag. A total sum of about SEK 1.6 billion ($200 million) were transferred to the African National Congress and other organizations. Karlström Dorph established a contact net of recipients and ways to transfer the money. Information about the transfers were sent as encrypted telegrams, by couriers or as hidden messages in gifts. The money came mainly from the humanitarian government agency Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) but could not be channeled directly since officially, Sweden was not giving any aid to South Africa.
A significant part of the money was used for legal help in defending black persons accused of breaking any of the apartheid laws that were in effect at the time. This help led to a number of people escaping the death penalty, or had their jail sentences drastically reduced. Money also went to churches, newspapers, unions and women's organizations and the United Democratic Front.
"I used my ears, my eyes, all my senses, and my heart." (about knowing who to trust during her secret mission)— Birgitta Karlström Dorph
Karlström Dorph has been celebrated as a hero among the South African anti-apartheid activists and she was invited to a birthday party for Nelson Mandela as well as the ANC's centennial celebration.
Karlström Dorph has five children and her husband is deceased. She had kept her mission in South Africa a secret from her family up until the documentary about her was made. She says that when her children saw the film "They clapped their hands and gave me a high five!"
- At the time the Swedish embassy in South Africa was called a "legation".
- "Märta Birgitta Karlström Dorph". www.merinfo.se. Merinfo. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Johansson, Sven L-O (13 August 2013). "Karlstadstösen som blev diplomat i Afrika" [The gal from Karlstad who became diplomat in Africa]. www.vf.se. Värmlands Folkblad. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Karlsson, Inger (1 October 2015). "Hon var "Palmes hemliga agent"" [She was Palme's secret agent]. www.svt.se. Sveriges Television. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Birgitta Karlström-Dorph". www.liberationafrica.se. Nordic Africa Institute. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Peterson, Claes (24 September 2015). "Hon var Palmes hemliga agent" [She was Palme's secret agent]. www.expressen.se. Expressen. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Veteran activists remember apartheid trial". www.nelsonmandela.org. Nelson Mandela Foundation. 14 March 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "Palmes hemliga agent" [Palme's secret agent]. www.svt.se. Sveriges Television. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Klingvall, Maj-Inger; Ström Gabriele, Winai, eds. (2010). Från Myrdal till Lindh: svenska diplomatprofiler [From Myrdal to Lindh: Swedish diplomats] (in Swedish). Möklinta: Gidlund. ISBN 978-91-7844-811-1.
- Interview with Birgitta Karlström Dorph (in English)