Blériot-SPAD S.51

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Bleriot SPAD S.51 L'Aéronautique December,1926.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Blériot
Designer André Herbemont
First flight 16 June 1924
Primary users Polish Air Force
Turkish Air Force
Soviet Air Force
Number built ca. 60

The Bleriot-SPAD S.51 was a French fighter aircraft developed in 1924 in response to a French Air Force requirement for an aircraft to replace their obsolete Nieuport-Delage NiD.29s.[1]

Design and development[edit]

Designed by André Herbemont, the S.51 shared its basic configuration with his other aircraft of the period, being a biplane with a swept upper wing and unswept lower wing, joined by I-shaped interplane struts. Unlike earlier designs, the S.51 used metal construction for the wings.

The prototype S.51 was rejected by the French authorities, but revised versions found export customers in the Polish Air Force, which bought 50 of them, and the Turkish and Soviet air forces which each bought a single example. Another development, the S.51/3, was experimentally fitted with the first controllable-pitch propeller developed in France, also designed by Herbemont.[2]


Prototype for French evaluation, 1x 280 kW (380 hp) Gnome et Rhône 9Aa radial engine.[3]
Refined version exported to Poland, 1x 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome et Rhône 9Ab radial engine.[4]
Prototype with variable-pitch propeller.
Export version for Turkey and the USSR with two extra machine guns in the wings.


 Soviet Union
Spanish Blériot-SPAD S 51

Specifications (S.51/2)[edit]

Bleriot-SPAD S.51 3-view Aero Digest August,1930

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928[6], Aviafrance:S.51-2[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.45 m (21 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.47 m (31 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 24.27 m2 (261.2 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 990 kg (2,183 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,360 kg (2,998 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Gnome & Rhône 9Ab Jupiter 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 310 kW (420 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitch propeller


  • Maximum speed: 245 km/h (152 mph, 132 kn) at 100 m (330 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 7.2 m/s (1,420 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude: 4,000 m (13,000 ft) in 9 minutes
  • Wing loading: 52.6 kg/m2 (10.8 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.24537 kW/kg (0.14925 hp/lb)

2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Vickers machine-guns

See also[edit]

Related lists


  1. ^ World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 890 Sheet 42.
  2. ^ Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 164.
  3. ^ Parmentier, Bruno (4 December 2001). "SPAD S-51". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  4. ^ a b Parmentier, Bruno (12 April 2003). "SPAD S-51-2". Aviafrance (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  5. ^ Aircraft that took part in the Spanish Civil War
  6. ^ Grey, C.G., ed. (1928). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 86c.

External links[edit]

Media related to Blériot-SPAD S.51 at Wikimedia Commons