|Distribution of the black-eared miner|
It is closely related to the much more widely distributed yellow-throated miner M. flavigula and the taxonomic status of the black-eared miner is the subject of some controversy, with some researchers considering it a subspecies of M. flavigula.
Black-eared miners are co-operative breeders, living in colonies during the breeding season, and dispersing into the bush during non-breeding periods. Little is known of their movements during these periods.
Distribution and habitat
Sites identified by BirdLife International as being important for black-eared miner conservation are areas containing relatively intact mallee woodland in north-western Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. They comprise Murray-Sunset, Hattah and Annuello, the Riverland Mallee, and Wyperfeld, Big Desert and Ngarkat.
Black-eared miners are listed as endangered on the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
The species' conservation status in the following Australian states follows:
- New South Wales: Listed as "Critically Endangered" by Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 as of May 2015.
- South Australia: Listed as "Endangered" by the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 as of June 2011.
- Victoria: Listed as "Threatened" by the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (1988) as of April 2015 and as "endangered" on the 2007 advisory list of threatened vertebrate fauna. Under this Act, an Action Statement for the recovery and future management of this species has been prepared.
- BirdLife International (2013). "Manorina melanotis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Black-eared Miner". Important Bird Areas. BirdLife International. 2012. Archived from the original on 10 July 2007. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
- "Manorina melanotis — Black-eared Miner". Australian Government, Department for the Environment. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment (2007). Advisory List of Threatened Vertebrate Fauna in Victoria - 2007. East Melbourne, Victoria: Department of Sustainability and Environment. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-74208-039-0.
- Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria Archived 18 July 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
- Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria Archived 11 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.