African red-eyed bulbul

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African red-eyed bulbul
African Red-eyed Bulbul, Pycnonotus nigricans.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. nigricans
Binomial name
Pycnonotus nigricans
(Vieillot, 1818)
Pycnonotus nigricans distribution map.png
     resident, nomadic and migratory range
  • Turdus nigricans

The African red-eyed bulbul or black-fronted bulbul (Pycnonotus nigricans) is a species of songbird in the family Pycnonotidae. It is found in south-western Africa. Its natural habitats are dry savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and riverine scrub.[2][3][4] It feeds on fruit (including Ficus), flowers, nectar, and insects.[3][4]


The African red-eyed bulbul ranges from 19-21 centimeters (7-8 inches) in length and weighs 30-48 grams (1-1.7 ounces). Its call is a series of loud fluty notes, usually given only by the male.[3] [4]

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The African red-eyed bulbul was originally described in the genus Turdus. The African red-eyed bulbul is considered to belong to a superspecies along with the Himalayan bulbul, white-eared bulbul, white-spectacled bulbul, Cape bulbul, and the common bulbul.[5] The alternate name of 'red-eyed bulbul' is also used by the Asian red-eyed bulbul.


Two subspecies are recognized:[6]

  • P. n. nigricans - (Vieillot, 1818): Found in south-western Angola, Namibia and Botswana and western South Africa
  • P. n. superior - Clancey, 1959: Found in central South Africa



  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pycnonotus nigricans". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22712671A94342504. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22712671A94342504.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Pycnonotus nigricans (African Red-eyed Bulbul, Black-fronted Bulbul, Red-eyed Bulbul)". Retrieved 2018-02-21. 
  3. ^ a b c "Black-fronted Bulbul (Pycnonotus nigricans)". Retrieved 2018-02-21. 
  4. ^ a b c Sinclair, Ian; Ryan, Peter (2009). Complete photographic field guide birds of Southern Africa. Struik Nature. 
  5. ^ "Himalayan Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys)". Retrieved 2017-03-23. 
  6. ^ "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2017-03-26. 

External links[edit]