Black armband

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Richard Norris Wolfenden wearing a black armband, c. 1905.

In Western culture, a black armband signifies that the wearer is in mourning or wishes to identify with the commemoration of a family friend, comrade or team member who has died. This use is particularly common in the first meeting following the loss of a member. In sport, especially association football and cricket, players will often wear black armbands following the death of former player or manager.[1][2]

The phrase "black armband view of history" was introduced to the Australian political lexicon by conservative historian Geoffrey Blainey in 1993 to describe views of history which, he believed, posited that "much of [pre-multicultural] Australian history had been a disgrace" and which focused mainly on the treatment of minority groups, especially Aborigines.[3] The term was used by Prime Minister John Howard, whose perspective on Australian history strongly contrasted with what he called the black armband view.[4]

Historical examples[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sunam, Ashim (2016-12-15). "History of black armbands and its use in sports including football, cricket among others". Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  2. ^ "Why are England wearing black armbands for Boxing Day Test?". Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  3. ^ M. McKenna, (10 November 1997), Research Paper 5 1997-98: "Different Perspectives on Black Armband History, Parliament of Australia, Parliamentary Library Archived 4 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ John Howard. The Liberal Tradition: The Beliefs and Values Which Guide the Federal Government Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine, 1996 Sir Robert Menzies Lecture. Sir Robert Menzies Lecture Trust. Retrieved 16 January 2010.