Alberta Group

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Alberta Group
Stratigraphic range: Albian to Campanian
Type Geological formation
Sub-units Wapiabi Formation, Chungo Member, Cardium Formation, Blackstone Formation, Jumping Pound Member
Underlies Belly River Formation
Overlies Blairmore Group, Luscar Group, Crowsnest Formation
Thickness up to 1,219 feet (370 m)[1]
Lithology
Primary Shale, sandstone
Other Siltstone, siderite, limestone
Location
Region  Alberta
Country  Canada
Type section
Named for Alberta
Named by G.S. Hume, 1930

The Alberta Group is a stratigraphical unit of Cenomanian to early Campanian age in the Lewis overthrust in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.[2]

It takes the name from the province of Alberta, and was first described in outcrops along the Highwood River in southern Alberta by G.S. Hume in 1930.[3]

Lithology[edit]

The Alberta Group is composed of silty shale for the most part. Two thick shale deposits (Blackstone Formation and Wapiabi Formation) are present above and below a sandstone sequence (the Cardium Formation). Sideritic concretions and thin argillaceous limestone beds are present within the shale stacks.[1]

Oil/gas production[edit]

Gas is produced from the Cardium Formation in Yellowhead County.

Distribution[edit]

The Alberta Group occurs along the Canadian Rockies foothills from the United States-Canada border to the Athabasca River. In its type locality along the Highwood River in Southern Alberta, the group has a thickness of 610 feet (190 m). It reaches a maximum of 1,219 feet (370 m) north of the North Saskatchewan River.[1]

Relationship to other units[edit]

The Alberta Group is conformably overlain by the Belly River Formation and rests unconformably on deposits of the Blairmore Group and Luscar Group in the Canadian Rockies foothills and on the volcanic Crowsnest Formation in southern Alberta's west. The group is equivalent with the Colorado Group and Lea Park Formation in southern Alberta's prairies, and with the Smoky Group in northern Alberta and north-east British Columbia.[1]

The Wapiabi Formation is equivalent to the upper Colorado Group shales and Lea Park Formation in central Alberta and the sum of Puskwaskau Formation, Bad Heart Formation and Muskiki Formation in the west part of northern Alberta.[4]

Subdivisions[edit]

The Alberta Group has the following sub-divisions from top to base:

Sub-unit Age Lithology Max
Thickness
Reference
Wapiabi Formation Campanian marine shale, which sideritic concretions, siltstone, sandstone and limestone
*contains the Chungo Member sandstone
640 m (2,100 ft) [4]
Cardium Formation Turonian to Coniacian marine sandstone 108 m (350 ft) [5]
Blackstone Formation Cenomanian to Turonian marine shale and siltstone with minor limestone, sandstone and bentonite
*contains the Jumping Pound Member sandstone
426 m (1,400 ft) [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Alberta Group". Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  2. ^ Sears, James W.; Harms, Tekla A.; Evenchick, Carol A., eds. (2007). Whence the Mountains?: Inquiries Into the Evolution of Orogenic Systems: a Volume in Honor of Raymond A. Price. United States: Geological Society of America. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-8137-2433-1 – via Google Books. 
  3. ^ Hume, G.S., 1930. The Highwood-Jumpingpound Anticline, with Notes on Turner Valley, New Black Diamond and Priddis Valley Structures, Alberta; Geological Survey of Canada, Summary Report 1929, Part B, pp. 1-24.
  4. ^ a b Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Wapiabi". Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  5. ^ Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Cardium Sandstone". Archived from the original on 2012-07-07. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  6. ^ Lexicon of Canadian Geologic Units. "Blackstone". Archived from the original on 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2009-03-01.