Blatten (Lötschen)

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Blatten
Blatten (komprimiert).jpg
Coat of arms of Blatten
Coat of arms
Blatten is located in Switzerland
Blatten
Blatten
Coordinates: 46°25′N 7°49′E / 46.417°N 7.817°E / 46.417; 7.817Coordinates: 46°25′N 7°49′E / 46.417°N 7.817°E / 46.417; 7.817
Country Switzerland
Canton Valais
District Westlich Raron
Government
 • Mayor Lukas Kalbermatten
Area[1]
 • Total 90.65 km2 (35.00 sq mi)
Elevation 1,542 m (5,059 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 288
 • Density 3.2/km2 (8.2/sq mi)
Postal code 3919
SFOS number 6192
Surrounded by Baltschieder, Fieschertal, Kandersteg (BE), Lauterbrunnen (BE), Naters, Raron, Wiler (Lötschen)
Website www.blatten-vs.ch
SFSO statistics

Blatten is a village and municipality in the Lötschental valley in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It is part of the district of Westlich Raron, and much of the municipality lies within the Jungfrau-Aletsch protected area, a World Heritage Site. Besides the village of Blatten, the municipality includes the settlements of Eisten, Fafleralp, Ried and Weissenried.[3][4]

Blatten should not be confused with the ski resort and village of Blatten bei Naters, which lies some 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) to the south-east in a direct line, or nearer 50 kilometres (31 mi) by road.

History[edit]

Blatten is first mentioned in 1433 as uffen der Blattun.[5]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, a rocky Mountain Argent issuant from the flank dexter and from the point, per bendwise and in chief sinister a Cross bottony of the same.[6]

Geography[edit]

Blatten lies in the Lötschental valley south of the Bernese Alps. The municipality is located in the Westlich Raron district, and is the highest inhabited part of the Lötschental valley at an elevation of 1,540 m (5,050 ft). It consists of the village of Blatten and the hamlets of Eisten, Ried and Weissenried. At the head of the road up the valley, Fafleralp is the site of a well known hotel.[3]

The Jungfrau-Aletsch protected area, includes most of the municipality, although excluding the main settlements. At the head of the Lötschental valley, the Lötschenlücke pass, into the valley of the Aletsch Glacier, forms the municipal boundary. Below this pass, the Langgletscher glacier occupies the Lötschental valley, whilst the Schwarzsee lake lies at a lower level. The valley is framed by the Tschingelhorn to the north and the Bietschhorn to the south, and the slopes of both mountains lie within the municipality.[3][4]

Blatten has an area, as of 2011, of 90.7 square kilometers (35.0 sq mi). Of this area, 9.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 9.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and 81.1% is unproductive land.[7]

The entire village of Blatten and the hamlets of Eisten and Weissenried are designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites[8]

View of the Lötschental with the village of Blatten 
The Lötschenlücke and Langgletscher 
The Schwarzsee lake 

Demographics[edit]

Blatten has a population (as of December 2015) of 288.[2]

As of 2008, the population was 51.9% male and 48.1% female. The population was made up of 158 Swiss men (50.3% of the population) and 5 (1.6%) non-Swiss men. There were 147 Swiss women (46.8%) and 4 (1.3%) non-Swiss women. 2.5% of the population were resident foreign nationals.[9][10] Of the population in the municipality, 224 or about 79.7% were born in Blatten and lived there in 2000. There were 36 or 12.8% who were born in the same canton, while 19 or 6.8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 1 or 0.4% were born outside of Switzerland. [11]

As of 2000, most of the population (as of 2000) spoke German (280 or 99.6%) as their first language with the rest speaking English. Children and teenagers (0–19 years old) made up 17.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) made up 56.2% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 26%. There were 115 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 136 married individuals, 29 widows or widowers and 1 individuals who are divorced.[7][9]

Also as of 2000, there were 114 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household. There were 35 households that consist of only one person and 10 households with five or more people. A total of 113 apartments (42.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 133 apartments (49.4%) were seasonally occupied and 23 apartments (8.6%) were empty. As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 12.7 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 1.98%.[7][12]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[5][13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 74.87% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (11.66%), the SVP (10.46%) and the FDP (1.97%). In the federal election, a total of 182 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 68.9%.[14]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 191 votes were cast, of which 13 or about 6.8% were invalid. The voter participation was 80.3%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%.[15] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 179 votes were cast, of which 11 or about 6.1% were invalid. The voter participation was 70.5%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 59.88%.[16]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Blatten had an unemployment rate of 1.1%. As of 2008, there were 35 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people were employed in the secondary sector and there was 1 business in this sector. 82 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 16 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 127 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 30.7% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 74. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 14, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 2, all of which were in manufacturing. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 58. In the tertiary sector; 6 or 10.3% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 1 was in the movement and storage of goods, 43 or 74.1% were in a hotel or restaurant and 1 was the insurance or financial industry.[17]

In 2000, there were 11 workers who commuted into the municipality and 81 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 7.4 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[18] Of the working population, 22% used public transportation to get to work, and 48% used a private car.[7]

Transport[edit]

Blatten lies on the road up the Lötschental valley from Steg and Goppenstein. The road passes through Blatten village and reaches its end at Fafleralp. A PostAuto bus service runs along the road as far as Fafleralp, connecting the settlements within the municipality to Goppenstein railway station, with some buses continuing to Steg.[3][19]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 276 or 98.2% of the population were Roman Catholic, while none belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Two people (or about 0.71% of the population) belonged to no church, or were agnostic or atheist, and 3 individuals (or about 1.07% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

In Blatten about 101 (or 35.9%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 7 (or 2.5%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 7 who completed tertiary schooling, all were Swiss men.[9] As of 2000, there were 26 students from Blatten who attended schools outside the municipality.[18]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Blatten has a Tundra climate, abbreviated "ET" on climate maps.[20]

Climate data for Blatten, Lötschental (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
2.2
(36)
5.6
(42.1)
8.6
(47.5)
13.8
(56.8)
17.7
(63.9)
20.5
(68.9)
19.7
(67.5)
16.2
(61.2)
12.0
(53.6)
4.9
(40.8)
0.3
(32.5)
10.1
(50.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.6
(36.7)
7.6
(45.7)
10.8
(51.4)
13.2
(55.8)
12.4
(54.3)
8.9
(48)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.1
(30)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.5
(38.3)
Average low °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−2.8
(27)
1.4
(34.5)
3.8
(38.8)
5.9
(42.6)
5.8
(42.4)
2.9
(37.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
−5.0
(23)
−8.4
(16.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 99
(3.9)
92
(3.62)
87
(3.43)
67
(2.64)
95
(3.74)
91
(3.58)
86
(3.39)
98
(3.86)
73
(2.87)
92
(3.62)
94
(3.7)
112
(4.41)
1,084
(42.68)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.2 9.4 10.1 8.9 11.2 11.2 11.0 11.1 9.3 9.8 9.5 10.4 122.1
Source: MeteoSwiss [21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b c d map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  4. ^ a b "Visit the World Heritage". UNESCO World Heritage Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch Foundation. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Blatten in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 5 October 2011
  7. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 5 October 2011
  8. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived 9 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (German) (French) accessed 24 August 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 7 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 30 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived 14 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  16. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  17. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  18. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb[permanent dead link] (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  19. ^ "Gampel-Steg–Hohtenn–Goppenstein–Blatten (Lötschen)–Fafleralp" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  20. ^ Climate Summary for Blatten
  21. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1,535 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]