Blue-green shan shui

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The blue-green shan shui (simplified Chinese: 青绿山水; traditional Chinese: 青綠山水; Pinyin: Qīng-Lǜ Shān-Shuǐ.), is a Chinese painting style of "Shan shui". It tends to refer a "ancient style" rather than modern ones. The main colour of the painting are blues and greens, and in the early period it was painted by mineral dyes. It's a said this style was first formulated by Li Sixun (simplified Chinese: 李思训; traditional Chinese: 李思訓; Pinyin: Lǐ Sī-Xùn ),[1] a general, politician and famous painter in Tang Dynasty.[2]

History and sub-styles[edit]

Emperor Minghuang's Journey to Sichuan; a blue-green shan shui painting depicting the flight of Emperor Xuanzong from Chang'an, a late Ming Dynasty painting after an original by Qiu Ying (1494-1552).

Similar styles were appeared before the Tang Dynasty, especially in the period of the Six Dynasties.[2] Many historic records show that Li father and sons - Li Sixun (father) and Li Zhaodao (son, Chinese: 李昭道; Pinyin: Lǐ Zhāo-Dào, son of Li Sixun), largely developed the painting techniques and formulated the style.[1]

There are mainly two styles of this painting:[2]

  • Shibi Qingyuan (simplified Chinese:式笔青綠; traditional Chinese: 式筆青綠; Pinyin: Shì-Bǐ Qīng-Lǜ )
  • Yibi Qingyuan (simplified Chinese:意笔青綠; traditional Chinese: 意笔青綠; Pinyin: Yì-bǐ Qīng-Lǜ)


Tang Dynasty:

  • General blue-green shan shui.

Late Northern Song Dynasty:

Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty:

  • The little blue-green shan shui is the dominant style/school. Especially in the Late Ming Dynasty, the painter Lan Ying (Chinese: 蓝瑛; Pinyin: Lán Yīng) from Zhe School (Chinese: 浙派) developed the style to the historic climax.[2][3]


ZHANG Geng (simplified Chinese: 张庚; traditional Chinese: 張庚; Pinyin: Zhāng Gēng) in Qing Dynasty, said:

TANG Hou (simplified Chinese: 汤垕; traditional Chinese: 湯垕; Pinyin: Tāng Hòu) in Yuan Dynasty, said:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "李思训 (Li Sixun (Tang Dynasty general, politician and painter))" (in Chinese). Chinese Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 1, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "青绿山水 (Blue-green Shan Shui)" (in Chinese). Chinese Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 1, 2010. 
  3. ^ "蓝瑛 (Lan Ying (painter))" (in Chinese). Chinese Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 1, 2010.