In bifurcation theory, a field within mathematics, a Bogdanov–Takens bifurcation is a well-studied example of a bifurcation with co-dimension two, meaning that two parameters must be varied for the bifurcation to occur. It is named after Rifkat Bogdanov and Floris Takens, who independently and simultaneously described this bifurcation.
A system y' = f(y) undergoes a Bogdanov–Takens bifurcation if it has a fixed point and the linearization of f around that point has a double eigenvalue at zero (assuming that some technical nondegeneracy conditions are satisfied).
Three codimension-one bifurcations occur nearby: a saddle-node bifurcation, an Andronov–Hopf bifurcation and a homoclinic bifurcation. All associated bifurcation curves meet at the Bogdanov–Takens bifurcation.
The normal form of the Bogdanov–Takens bifurcation is
There exist two codimension-three degenerate Takens–Bogdanov bifurcations, also known as Dumortier–Roussarie–Sotomayor bifurcations.
- Bogdanov, R. "Bifurcations of a Limit Cycle for a Family of Vector Fields on the Plane." Selecta Math. Soviet 1, 373–388, 1981.
- Kuznetsov, Y. A. Elements of Applied Bifurcation Theory. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1995.
- Takens, F. "Forced Oscillations and Bifurcations." Comm. Math. Inst. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 2, 1–111, 1974.
- Dumortier F., Roussarie R., Sotomayor J. and Zoladek H., Bifurcations of Planar Vector Fields, Lecture Notes in Math. vol. 1480, 1–164, Springer-Verlag (1991).