The Kingdom of Boina (sometimes known as Iboina) was a traditional state situated in what is now Madagascar.
The kingdom was founded c. 1690 by King Andriamandisoarivo. Andrimandisoarivo was a son of Lahifotsy, the founder of the Sakalava Kingdom, and had that kingdom after a succession dispute for the north, where he founded his own kingdom. It was centered on Boina Bay in north-west Madagascar.
By the 1690s about 500 European pirates had set up bases of operation along the northern coast of Madagascar. Andrianamboniarivo had as his chief minister for a time Tom Similaho whose father was an English pirate and whose mother was a Malagasy woman.
Boina in the north west and Menabe in the west were the kingdoms sprong[clarification needed] in the 18th century. The king of Boina was considered to be quasi-divine, interceding with god and ancestors. The land belonged to him. In the extreme north of the island the Antankarana kingdom paid tribute to Boina.
Rulers of Boina
- c. 1690-1720 – Andriamandisoarivo (Tsimanata)
- c. 1720-1730 – Andrianamboniarivo (Toakafa)
- c. 1730-1760 – Andriamahatindriarivo
- c. 1760-1767 – Andrianahilitsy
- 1767-1770 – Andrianiveniarivo
- 1770-1771 – Andrianihoatra
- 1771-1777 – Andrianikeniarivo
- 1777-1778 – Andrianaginarivo (f)
- 1778 – Tombola (f)
- c. 1778-1808 – Ravahiny (f)
- 1808-1822? – Tsimalomo
- 1808 – Maka (Andrianaresy) (pretender)
- 1822-1832 – Andriantsoly
- 1828-1829 – Oantitsy (f) - Regent
- 1832-1836 – Oantitsy (f)
- 1836-1840 – Tsiomeko (f)
- Stapleton, Timothy J. (21 October 2013). "A Military History of Africa [3 volumes]". ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 23 September 2017 – via Google Books.
- Stapleton, A Military History, p. 115
- J. D. Fage; John E. Flint; Roland Anthony Oliver (1986). The Cambridge History of Africa: From c. 1790 to c. 1870, Volume 5. v. p. 396.
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