Bolonchén, Campeche

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Bolonchén
Cenote at Bolonchen used as source of water, 1842.
Cenote at Bolonchen used as source of water, 1842.
Bolonchén is located in Campeche
Bolonchén
Bolonchén
Bolonchén is located in Mexico
Bolonchén
Bolonchén
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°00′15″N 89°51′34″W / 20.00417°N 89.85944°W / 20.00417; -89.85944Coordinates: 20°00′15″N 89°51′34″W / 20.00417°N 89.85944°W / 20.00417; -89.85944
Country  Mexico
State Campeche
Municipality Hopelchén
Elevation 159 m (522 ft)
Population (2010[1])
 • City 3,975
 • Urban 3,975

Bolonchén or Bolonchén de Rejón (Bolon Che'e'en in Modern Maya) is a town in the Mexican state of Campeche, about 120 km East from the state capital, Campeche, in Hopelchén Municipality. As of 2010 the town had a population of 3,975 people.[2] A short distance to the south of Bolonchén are located the caves of Xtacunbilxunan.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Bolonchén" means "Nine Wells" in the Maya language, and "de Rejón" commemorates Manuel Crescencio Rejón, a lawyer who helped draft the 1917 Constitution and who was born here. Previously, the Pueblo was named Bolonchenticul. It was renamed in September 1955 to Balonchén de Rejón . It is also the birthplace of Olegario Molina y Solis, the Governor of Yucatán and Minister de Fomento in the Porfirio Díaz era(1877–1911). In 1833, it was the only pueblo to escape the cholera epidemic. This was due to the efforts of Julian Molina y Bastante (Olegario's grandfather) and the brothers Martinez.

Ruins[edit]

The large Bolonchén ruins site of ancient Maya architecture is located just north of the modern town. It dates from the Mayan Classic Period and Post Classic Period. Most of the carved stone facades of the ancient structures were removed in the 18th through mid−20th centuries for reuse in new construction work. Nonetheless, a few monuments with sculpture and hieroglyphic texts are still visible.

Both the ruins and cave were visited and described briefly by John Lloyd Stephens at the start of the 1840s, but no detailed scholarly examination of the ruins was made until Eric von Euw in 1973 (in part because Stephens and other early visitors failed to note that there were surviving inscriptions).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bolonchén de Rejón
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
31.3
(88.3)
33.6
(92.5)
35.6
(96.1)
36
(97)
34.5
(94.1)
33.8
(92.8)
34.1
(93.4)
33.3
(91.9)
31.8
(89.2)
30.4
(86.7)
29.2
(84.6)
33
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
17.5
(63.5)
19.2
(66.6)
20.9
(69.6)
22
(71.6)
22.4
(72.3)
21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
20.6
(69.1)
18.7
(65.7)
17.1
(62.8)
20
(68)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
23
(0.9)
20
(0.8)
30
(1.2)
80
(3)
157
(6.2)
140
(5.5)
163
(6.4)
196
(7.7)
107
(4.2)
43
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
1,020
(40)
Source: Weatherbase[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived May 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Hopelchén". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Bolonchén de Rejón, Campeche". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.