Bonanno Pisano (Pisa), active in the 1170s and 1180s, was an Italian sculptor, mixing Byzantine and classical elements. Giorgio Vasari wrongly attributed the realization of the Leaning Tower of Pisa to him in his Vite. Pisano was born in Pisa and worked there most of his life. In the 1180s, he departed for Monreale, in Sicily, where he completed the doors to the cathedral before returning to Pisa, where he died. Pisano was buried at the foot of the leaning tower, where his sarcophagus was discovered in 1820.
Between March 1179 and March 1180, he created the bronze Porta Reale of the cathedral of Pisa, which was destroyed in the 1595 fire.
The San Ranieri gate in Pisa
The gate of the cathedral of Monreale
Constructed between 1185 and 1186, the gate is signed Bonanno civis pisanus. It depicts five scenes of the Old Testament at the bottom, starting with Adam and Eve, and five scenes of the New Testament at the top, ending in "Christ and Mary in the glory of Paradise".
Joseph Bonanno and supposed ancestry
The Italian-American mafia boss, Joseph Bonanno claimed to be a descendant of Pisano, though there is little evidence of this being the case. Bonanno was known to joke about the Leaning Tower of Pisa, saying that "even that was crooked".
- Antonio Milone, '"Bonanno Pisano", in Artifex bonus, page 82-89, Roma-Bari 2004.
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