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Bonnesen's inequality is an inequality relating the length, the area, the radius of the incircle and the radius of the circumcircle of a Jordan curve. It is a strengthening of the classical isoperimetric inequality.
More precisely, consider a planar simple closed curve of length bounding a domain of area . Let and denote the radii of the incircle and the circumcircle. Bonnesen proved the inequality
The term in the left hand side is known as the isoperimetric defect.
- Bonnesen, T.: "Sur une amélioration de l'inégalité isopérimetrique du cercle et la démonstration d'une inégalité de Minkowski," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 172 (1921), 1087–1089.
- Yu. D. Burago and V. A. Zalgaller, Geometric inequalities. Translated from the Russian by A. B. Sosinskiĭ. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988. ISBN 3-540-13615-0.