Bracket (architecture)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A wooden block, curving to become narrower near the left side, under a ceiling. Both have finely wrought detail on them. The scene is lit by ambient light from the right.
A classically detailed bracket at the chapel of Greenwich Hospital, London
Bracket for a shelf or hanging items.

A bracket is an architectural element: a structural or decorative member. It can be made of wood, stone, plaster, metal, or other mediums. It projects from a wall, usually to carry weight and sometimes to "...strengthen an angle".[1][2] A corbel and console are types of brackets.[3]

In mechanical engineering a bracket is any intermediate component for fixing one part to another, usually larger, part. What makes a bracket a bracket is the fact that it is intermediate between the two and fixes the one to the other. Brackets vary wildly in shape, but a prototypical bracket would be the L-shaped metal piece that attaches a shelf (the smaller component) to a wall (the larger component): its vertical arm is fixed to one (usually large) element, and its horizontal arm protrudes outwards and holds another (usually small) element. This shelf bracket is effectively the same as the architectural bracket: a vertical arm mounted on the wall, and a horizontal arm projecting outwards for another element to be attached on top of it or below it. To enable the outstretched arm to support a greater weight, a bracket will often have a third arm running diagonally between the horizontal and vertical arms, or indeed the bracket may be a solid triangle. By extension almost any object that performs this function of attaching one part to another (usually larger) component is also called a bracket, even though it may not be obviously L-shaped. Common examples that are often not really L-shaped at all but attach a smaller component to a larger and are still called brackets are the components that attach a bicycle lamp to a bicycle, and the rings that attach pipes to walls.

Uses[edit]

Brackets can support many architectural items, including a wall, balcony, parapets, eaves, the spring of an arch, beams, pergola roof, window box, or a shelf.

In adjustable shelving systems, the bracket may be in two parts, with the load-bearing horizontal support fitting into a wall-mounted slotted vertical metal strip.

Brackets also are an element in the systems used to mount modern facade cladding systems onto the outside of contemporary buildings, as well as interior panels.

Architectural sculptures
Brackets are used in traditional timber framing including the support of a jettied floor which can be carved. Magdalene Street, Cambridge, England. Sixteenth century

Brackets are often in the form of architectural sculptures with reliefs of objects and scrolls. Depending on their material, decorated ones can be carved, cast, or molded. They can be of cast stone or resin-foam materials with faux finishes for use on new buildings in historic revival styles of architecture.

Some brackets and corbels are only ornamental, and serve no actual supporting purpose.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bracket accessed 3/3/2013
  2. ^ "Brass,Bronze,Iron Hand rail Brackets". Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0). Oxford University Press; 2009
  4. ^ "bracket". britannica.com. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  5. ^ Poppeliers, John C. (1983). What Style Is It?. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 106. ISBN 0-471-14434-7. 

External links[edit]