Brancoceratidae

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Brancoceratidae
Temporal range: Early Albian - Early Cenomanian
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Ammonoidea
Order: Ammonitida
Suborder: Ammonitina
Superfamily: Acanthocerataceae
Family: Brancoceratidae
Spath 1933
subfamilies

Broncoceratidae is a family of acanthoceratacean ammonites from the middle of the Cretaceous, recognized by their commonly evolute shells with round, oval, or quadrate whorls, strong ribs, usual ventral keels, and at least, umblical tubercles. The family is thought to be derived from the Desmoceratidae (Desmoceratoidea), perhaps from Silesitoides or some allied genus.

Subfamilies[edit]

The Broncoceratidae are divided into three subfamilies, described as follows.

Brancoceratinae, Spath 1933. Generally small, evolute with round, oval, square or rectangular whorl sections. The venter may be sharp on the inner whorls, a feature which disappears on the later. Ribs are strong and rounded, and commonly cross over the venter. Sutures are simple, pseudoceratitc in some. The subfamily lived from during the Albian.

Mojsisovicziinae, Hatt 1903; derived from the Broncoceratinae, beginning with Mojsisoviczia, in which the keel has become a stable character, in some appearing only early, in others appearing only late. There are two main stocks, one of high-whorled compressed forms which left no descendants, the other, more evolute with round or square whorl sections, which gave rise to the Mortoniceratinae. Both stocks have their origin in Mojsisociczia. Mojsisovicziinae genera lived from the Middle to Late Albian.

Mortoniceratinae, Spath 1925. Moderately involute to very evolute brancoceratids with more or less rounded, square, or compressed whorls; low or high keels and ribs that branch, at last on the early whorls but may be single on the body chamber or even earlier. Ribs are low and round, or flat, to high and round, but never high and sharp. Tubercles, typically present, may number as many as five per rib. The suture is generally with squarish, symmetrical, deeply and sharply indented saddles. Mortoniceratinae genera are the youngest in age living from the late Middle Albian to the Early Cenomanian in the Late Cretaceous.

References[edit]

  • Arkell, W.J.; Kummel, B.; Wright, C.W. (1957). Mesozoic Ammonoidea. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part L, Mollusca 4. Lawrence, Kansas: Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press. 
  • Ryszard Marcinowski and Jost Wiedmann.The Albian Ammonites of Poland. Palaeontologia Polonica no. 50, 1990