Brandsby

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Brandsby
Brandsby Village Near York , Ebor Store.jpg
Brandsby
Brandsby is located in North Yorkshire
Brandsby
Brandsby
Brandsby shown within North Yorkshire
Population 234 
OS grid reference SE5872
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO61
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°08′N 1°07′W / 54.14°N 01.11°W / 54.14; -01.11Coordinates: 54°08′N 1°07′W / 54.14°N 01.11°W / 54.14; -01.11

Brandsby is a village in North Yorkshire, England. The village is the main constituent of the Brandsby-cum-Stearsby Civil Parish in the District of Hambleton. The village is mentioned in the Domesday book. It lies between Easingwold and Hovingham, some 12.3 miles (19.8 km) north of York.

History[edit]

The village toponymy is of Scandinavian origin named after a Norseman called Brand and the suffix of by meaning settlement or habitation. At the time of the Norman conquest, it was held by Cnut, son of Karli and afterwards by Hugh, son of Baldric. Later the village and the surrounding lands were given to Baron Roger de Mowbray. It was part of the Bulford Hundred. The Baron left the lordship of the manor to Nicholas de Riparia (or de le Ryver), whose family held it until the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. After this the Lordship passed via marriage to the Cholmeley family, descended from the Cholmondeley family of Cheshire.[1] The lordship ended with the last of the Cholmeley family, Hugh Charles Fairfax Cholmeley, who died in 1940.[2]

During the 13th and 14th centuries, Brandsby was the production centre for the Brandsby-type ware of Medieval ceramic.[3]

The village was also the site for the York 37 Royal Observer Corps Post (Brandsby). The Nuclear Monitoring Post is located on the road between the village and Crayke at Zion Hill Farm. It was part of the York No' 20 Group ROC HQ and was opened in June 1964 and closed in September 1991. It is now a Grade II Listed building and although the Post had been restored the restorer has allegedly been evicted due to getting the Post listed against the farmers wishes. The Post website has been taken over by a company selling sunglasses.[4][5][6]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the UK parliamentary constituency of Thirsk and Malton. It is part of the Stillington, North Yorkshire electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council. It is also in the Stillington ward of Hambleton District Council.[7] The Parish Council is made of five councillors including the Chair.[8]

Geography[edit]

The village is situated near the Howardian Hills, south of the North York Moors. At the latter end of the nineteenth century, the population was around 300,[1] which has fallen to 234 according to the 2001 UK Census. There are 117 dwellings in the parish. Of the total population, 202 are over the age of sixteen, of which 115 are in employment.[9]

On the west side of the village is Brandsby Beck, which flows into the River Foss. The nearest settlements are Yearsley, 1.27 miles (2.04 km) to the north; Stearsby, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the west-south-west; Stillington, 2.9 miles (4.7 km) to the south and Crayke, 2 miles (3.2 km) to the south-west.[7] The B1363 road between York and Oswaldkirk passes through the village.

The soil in the parish is made of sand and gravel on top of Lias and Oolite.[10]

Education[edit]

The village lies within the Northallerton Local Education Authority area. The nearest Primary education can be found in either Crayke or Stillington.[11] Secondary education is provided in Easingwold.[12]

Religion[edit]

All Saints Church, Brandsby

There is one church in the village, dedicated to All Saints, situated in what used to be the grounds of Brandsby Hall. It was built to replace the old church by the York architect Thomas Atkinson for Francis Cholmeley of Brandsby Hall in 1770.[1] It was restored by the London architect Temple Lushington Moore in 1905 and is a Grade II* listed building.[13]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Brandsby Hall was constructed to an Italianate design for Francis Cholmeley in 1745 on the site of an old mansion. It is built of sandstone in 3 storeys to a U-shaped plan, with a 7-bay frontage. It is a Grade II* listed building. The chapel on the grounds is now the village church.[1][14]

The Old Rectory dates from 1565 and was built by the incumbent, Robert Wilson. It was remodelled by the then rector, Walter Smith, in 1807. It is also listed Grade II*.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 653. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  2. ^ "Lord of the Manor". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Jennings, S. 1992. Medieval Pottery in the Yorkshire Museum, York, 18-21.
  4. ^ "Bransdby ROC Post". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  5. ^ "ROC Posts". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Listed status". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open View
  8. ^ "Parish Council". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  9. ^ "Census data". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Geology". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Schools". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "Secondary Schools". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "Name: CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS List entry Number: 1150750". English Heritage. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Listed status". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  15. ^ "Listed status". Retrieved 11 November 2012.