Breda 38

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Mitragliatrice Breda cal. 8 mod. 38 per carri armati
Breda Mod. 38 Forte di San Leo.JPG
A Breda Mod 38 at display at the Forte di San Leo
Type Tank machine gun
Place of origin Kingdom of Italy
Service history
In service 1938–43
Used by Italy
Wars World War II
Production history
Manufacturer Breda Meccanica Bresciana
Weight 16.3 kg (36 lb)[1]
Length 897.5 mm (35.33 in)[1]
Barrel length 600 mm (24 in)[1]

Cartridge 8×59mm RB Breda
Action Gas-operated
Rate of fire 550 rds/min theoretical, 350 rds/min practical[1]
Muzzle velocity 770 metres per second (2,500 ft/s)[1]
Effective firing range 300 m (330 yd)[1]
Feed system 24-round vertical box magazine

The Mitragliatrice Breda calibro 8 modello 38 per carri armati was an Italian tank-pattern machine gun used in World War II. It was able to fit on the available tanks: the Fiat L6/40, the Fiat M11/39, and the Fiat M13/40. It was also adapted as infantry machine gun.


Hull-mounted double Breda Mod. 38 in a Fiat M13/40 tank

"The Italians have also adapted it for use as an infantry machine gun.[2] For this purpose the gun is mounted on a machine-gun means of an adapter, and is fitted with a temporary rear sight on the right of the body and a temporary front sight on the right of the barrel at the muzzle. These temporary open sights take the place of the optical sight used when the gun is tank-mounted."

Design details[edit]

"The gun is air-cooled, gas-operated, and magazine-fed, and has a quick-change barrel. Its operational features are simple, and it is extremely easy to field-strip or disassemble completely. The barrel is sufficiently heavy (9⅞ pounds) to enable it to fire a large number of rounds in quick succession without overheating."


  1. ^ a b c d e f Pignato, p. 43.
  2. ^ U.S. Military Intelligence Service (June 3, 1943), "Italian 8-mm Breda Machine Gun, Model 38, WWII Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 26,",, retrieved 6 October 2015 
  • Pignato, Nicola (1978). Armi della fanteria italiana nella seconda guerra mondiale (in Italian). Ermanno Albertelli Editore. 

External links[edit]