|Bre.5, Bre.6, and Bre.12|
|Primary users||French Army
Royal Naval Air Service
The Breguet Bre.5 B.2 bomber and Breguet Bre.5 Ca.2 escort fighter were French biplanes of World War I which were developments of the Breguet Bre.4 bomber. The Bre.6 and Bre.12 were, in turn, developments of the Bre.5
Design and development
This aircraft was a refinement of the escort fighter that Breguet Aviation had designed and was manufactured by Michelin as the Breguet-Michelin BUC. Initially intended to carry the same 37 mm (1.46 in) Hotchkiss cannon that armed the BUC, the Bre.5 was revised at the request of the French Army to carry a 7.7 mm (.303 in) Lewis Gun fired rearward from atop the biplane's upper wing.
A small number of cannon-armed machines were produced from April 1916 onwards and allotted to bomber units. The British Royal Naval Air Service operated 35 of which ten came from Breguet, and 25 were built in the United Kingdom by Grahame-White as the G.W.19.
The Bre.6 was similar, but powered by a Canton-Unné engine, and was developed in case production of the Bre.5's Renault engine was unable to keep up with demand. It was also produced both as an escort fighter and as a bomber.
- Renault-powered version.
- Canton-Unné-powered version.
- Bre.6 B.2
- Bomber version.
- Cannon-armed escort fighter.
- Bre.5s remanufactured for night fighting
- Bre.12 B.2
- Night bomber.
- Bre.12 Ca.2
- Cannon-armed night fighter.
- Crew: two, pilot and gunner
- Length: 9.90 m (32 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 17.50 m (57 ft 8 in)
- Height: 3.90 m (12 ft 9 in)
- Wing area: 57.7 m2 (621 ft2)
- Empty weight: 1,347 kg (2,970 lb)
- Gross weight: 1,886 kg (4,158 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Renault 12Fb, 164 kW (220 hp)
- Maximum speed: 136 km/h (83 mph)
- Range: 700 km (435 miles)
- Endurance: 6 hours 15 min
- Service ceiling: 4,300 m (14,110 ft)
- Rate of climb: 1.2 m/s (236 ft/min)
- 1 × trainable 37 mm (1.46 in) Hotchkiss cannon in front cockpit
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Breguet aircraft.|
- Green, W. and Swanborough, G.; The complete book of fighters, Salamander (1994), Page 88.
- Taylor 1989, p. 202.
- Angelucci 1983, p. 68.
- Angelucci, Enzo. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. San Diego, California: The Military Press, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing, p. File 890, Sheet 79.