Bretby

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Coordinates: 52°48′14″N 1°33′58″W / 52.804°N 1.566°W / 52.804; -1.566

Bretby
BretbyChurch.JPG
St Wystan's Church at Bretby
Derbyshire UK parish map highlighting Bretby.svg
Bretby parish highlighted within Derbyshire
Population893 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK293230
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBURTON ON TRENT
Postcode districtDE15
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Bretby is a village and civil parish in the south of Derbyshire, England, north of Swadlincote and east of Burton upon Trent, on the border between Derbyshire and Staffordshire. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 893.[1] The name means "dwelling place of Britons". On the A511 road (formerly A50), there is a secondary settlement, Stanhope Bretby, which was the site of Bretby Colliery.[2]

History[edit]

Bretby is believed to be the site of a major battle between the Danes and Kingdom of Mercia in AD880.[citation needed]

This manor (Bretebi) was in the Domesday Book in 1086. Under the title of “The land of the King (in Derbyshire[3]” it said:

In Newton Solney and Bretby Ælfgar had seven carucates of land to the geld. There is land for six ploughs. There the king has one plough and nineteen villans and one bordar with five ploughs. There are 12 acres (49,000 m2) of meadow, woodland pasture two leagues long and three furlongs broad. TRE[4] as now worth one hundred shillings.[5]

Bretby ponds are nearby
The former Bradby School - 2007

In 1209, Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester granted the manor of Bretby to Stephen de Segrave[6] who built a church and a mansion there. There was also Bretby Castle which was destroyed during the reign of King James I of England to make way for the construction of Bretby Hall.[2]

In 1585, Thomas Stanhope bought the manor house which was known as Bretby Hall and from then on was the home of the Earls of Chesterfield. This house had a formal garden that rivalled the garden of the Palace of Versailles in the 1640s. George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon sold the property in the 1920s to pay for the Tutankhamun expedition.

Today[edit]

Today the village is centred by a village green. Overlooking the green is a residential house which records that it was called 'Bradby School' when it was built. A stone records "BRADBY SCHOOL/OPENED FOR THE ADMISSION OF SCHOLARS/OCTOBER 20th 1806." The school building is a Grade II listed building.[7]

The Grade II listed parish church is dedicated to St Wystan; it was rebuilt in 1877.[8]

There is a small industrial area within Burton upon Trent and Swadlincote Green Belt, Bretby Stoneware Industrial Estate, based at the former Bretby Brick Works. It is at Middle Place, an access road which is a continuation of the Sunnyside lane from nearby Newhall through to the A511 Ashby Road.[9]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Bretby Art Pottery

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b Bretby at DerbyshireUK
  3. ^ The King had a number of manors in Derbyshire. Besides Bretby and Newton Solney he had a list that included Repton, Milton, Wirksworth, Weston-on-Trent, Walton-on-Trent and Ashbourne.
  4. ^ TRE in Latin is Tempore Regis Edwardi. This means in the time of King Edward before the Battle of Hastings.
  5. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.744
  6. ^ In 1209.PDF South Derbyshire site - Grant of Bretby Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., p.1
  7. ^ Images of England
  8. ^ "St Wystan's". Stmarkswinshill.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  9. ^ "South Derbyshire District Council - SECTION 2: Planning Appeals". p. 68. The application site is located within Bretby Stoneware Industrial Estate, a site occupied by a number of small commercial businesses, some located within the converted former brick and stoneware industry building on site and a number of agricultural buildings. The site is located within the Greenbelt and accessed from Ashby Road East by a single lane track. Swadlincote Footpath 84 runs to the south east of the site at a higher level and Swadlincote Footpath 86 runs to the south west.
  10. ^ Burial location of VC holders - Derbyshire