Brother spike

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Brother spike
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - ZMA.MOLL.419245 - Elliptio fraterna (Lea, 1852) - Unionidae - Mollusc shell.jpeg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Unionoida
Family: Unionidae
Genus: Elliptio
Species: E. fraterna
Binomial name
Elliptio fraterna
(I. Lea, 1852)

Elliptio fraternum

The brother spike (Elliptio fraterna) is a species of freshwater mussel the family Unionidae, the river mussels. This species is endemic to the Savannah River, United States.[1] It listed as "endangered "in 1996 and was changed due to insufficient information and it has a world listing of "critically imperilled/imperilled".[2]


  1. ^ Bogan, A. E. (Mollusc Specialist Group) 2000. Elliptio fraterna. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. Downloaded on 26 August 2014.
  2. ^ Kilgo, John. Ecology and Management of a Forested Landscape: Fifty Years on the Savannah River Site. Island Press. p. 172. ISBN 159726251X. Retrieved 24 June 2015.