Budo Renshu

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Budo Renshu (武道練習, Budō Renshū, lit. "budo practice") is a technical manual describing 166 techniques of the martial art of aikido. It was written by aikido's founder, Morihei Ueshiba and his student Kenji Tomiki, and illustrated by Takako Kunigoshi.[1][2][3]

Budo Renshu was published in 1933, and thus details Ueshiba's pre-war aikido techniques, when the art he was teaching was essentially Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu.[4]The book was only produced in small quantities, and was made available to selected students at the Kobukan Dojo, to whom it was presented as a teaching licence.[3][5]


  1. ^ Li, Chris. "Budo – Moritaka Ueshiba's 1938 Technical Manual". Aikido Sangenkai. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  2. ^ Pranin, Stanley. "Aikido's Daito-ryu origins impossible to deny". Aikido Journal. Aikido Journal. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b Thomas A. Green; Joseph R. Svinth (2010). Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation. ABC-CLIO. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-59884-243-2.
  4. ^ Jose Carlos Escobar (July 2009). The Way of Aiki: A Path of Unity, Confluence and Harmony. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4251-7196-4.
  5. ^ Li, Chris. "Aikijujutsu Densho – AKA Budo Renshu, by Moritaka Ueshiba". Aikido Sangenkai. Retrieved 3 March 2017.