Iranian earless toad
|Iranian earless toad|
Bufo persicus Nikolskii, 1904
The Iranian earless toad, Iranian toad, or Pakistan toad (Bufo surdus) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in Iran, Pakistan, possibly Afghanistan, and Iraq. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland, intermittent freshwater marshes, freshwater springs, arable land, pastureland, rural gardens, urban areas, and irrigated land. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Iranian toads are prevalent in the Kirkuk region of Iraq; many US soldiers have documented their presence living in drain pipes and eddies throughout the region.
- Khan, M.S., Stöck, M., Papenfuss, T., Anderson, S., Kuzmin, S., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Dutta, S. & Ohler, A. 2004. Bufo surdus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 21 July 2007.
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