Bulinus forskalii

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Bulinus forskalii
Bulinus forskalii shell.png
an apertural view of the shell of Bulinus forskalii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Hygrophila
Superfamily: Planorboidea
Family: Planorbidae
Subfamily: Bulininae
Tribe: Bulinini
Genus: Bulinus
Species: B. forskalii
Binomial name
Bulinus forskalii
(Ehrenberg, 1831)

Isidora forskalii Ehrenberg, 1831

Bulinus forskalii is a species of a tropical freshwater snail with a sinistral shell, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Planorbidae, the ramshorn snails and their allies.


Bulinus forskalii is an afrotropical[1] species and occur in number of countries in Africa:

It has been recently introduced to Madagascar.[5]

Its presence is uncertain in Mauritania, Nigeria and in Sierra Leone.[1]


Its natural habitat are lake margins, swamps, marshes and wetland areas.[1] It lives in all types of freshwater bodies and it has been found mainly in dams and brooks in South Africa.[6] The substratum is often muddy.[6]

Bulinus forskalii is a hermaphroditic species.[7] Self-fertilization can occur.[8]

Parasites of Bulinus forskalii include:

It has been found incompatible with Schistosoma mattheei in South Africa.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Appleton C., Ghamizi M., Jørgensen A., Kristensen T. K., Ngereza C., Stensgaard A-S. & Van Damme D. (2009). Bulinus forskalii. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 7 May 2011.
  2. ^ Ibikounlé, M.; Mouahid, G.; Sakiti, N. G.; Massougbodji, A.; Moné, H. (2009). "Freshwater snail diversity in Benin (West Africa) with a focus on human schistosomiasis". Acta Tropica. 111 (1): 29–34. doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2009.02.001. PMID 19426659. 
  3. ^ (French) Sarr A., Kinzelbach R. & Diouf M. (2011, in press). "Diversité spécifique et écologie des mollusques continenatux de la basse vallée du Ferlo (Sénégal). [Specific diversity and ecology of continental molluscs from the Lower Ferlo Valley (Senegal)]". MalaCo 7: 8 pp. PDF.
  4. ^ a b Brown, D. S. (1991). "Freshwater snails of São Tomé, with special reference to Bulinus forskalii (Ehrenberg), host of Schistosoma intercalatum". Hydrobiologia. 209 (2): 141–153. doi:10.1007/BF00006926. 
  5. ^ Stothard, J. R.; Brémond, P.; Andriamaro, L.; Sellin, B.; Sellin, E.; Rollinson, D. (2003). "Bulinus species on Madagascar: Molecular evolution, genetic markers and compatibility with Schistosoma haematobium". Parasitology. 123 (7): S261–75. doi:10.1017/S003118200100806X. PMID 11769288. 
  6. ^ a b c d e De Kock, K. N.; Wolmarans, C. T. (2005). "Distribution, habitats and role as intermediate host of the freshwater snail, Bulinus forskalii, in South Africa". The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research. 72 (2): 165–174. doi:10.4102/ojvr.v72i2.214. PMID 16137134. 
  7. ^ a b Gow, J. L.; Noble, L. R.; Rollinson, D.; Mimpfoundi, R.; Jones, C. S. (2004). "Breeding system and demography shape population genetic structure across ecological and climatic zones in the African freshwater snail, Bulinus forskalii (Gastropoda, Pulmonata), intermediate host for schistosomes". Molecular Ecology. 13 (11): 3561–3573. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02339.x. PMID 15488012. 
  8. ^ Gow, J. L.; Noble, L. R.; Rollinson, D.; Jones, C. S. (2005). "A high incidence of clustered microsatellite mutations revealed by parent-offspring analysis in the African freshwater snail, Bulinus forskalii (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)". Genetica. 124 (1): 77–83. doi:10.1007/s10709-005-0204-6. PMID 16011005. 
  9. ^ Labbo, R.; Djibrilla, A.; Zamanka, H.; Garba, A.; Chippaux, J. -P. (2007). "Bulinus forskalii: A new potential intermediate host for Schistosoma haematobium in Niger". Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 101 (8): 847–848. doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2007.03.016. PMID 17568645. 
  10. ^ Mukaratirwa, S.; Munjere, I. F.; Takawira, M.; Chingwena, G. (2004). "Susceptibility of 7 freshwater gastropod species in Zimbabwe to infection with Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus (Cobbold, 1876) Looss, 1896". Journal of the South African Veterinary Association. 75 (4): 186–188. doi:10.4102/jsava.v75i4.481. PMID 15830604. 
  11. ^ Lotfy, W. M.; Brant, S. V.; Ashmawy, K. I.; Devkota, R.; Mkoji, G. M.; Loker, E. S. (2010). "A molecular approach for identification of paramphistomes from Africa and Asia". Veterinary Parasitology. 174 (3–4): 234–240. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.08.027. PMID 20880634. 

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