CALICO, full name The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium, is a non-profit, self-governing, international organization devoted to the dissemination of information concerning language learning technology.
It was founded in 1983 at Brigham Young University to promote the production of serious contributions to Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) systems and their use. In doing so it organises annual conferences and workshops on language learning, teacher education, publishes books on learning and distance learning, reviews and evaluations of CALL courseware and software. It publishes a journal three times yearly and also awards annual prizes for certain fields of language learning technology.
CALICO is governed by a board of seven members, one Executive Director appointed by the board and six elected by the membership for three-year terms, currently drawn (2009–2010) from the faculties of University of Pittsburgh, University of Waterloo, Simon Fraser University, Penn State University, Michigan State University, Ohio University, and Carnegie Mellon University
Each year, CALICO confers awards for:
- an Outstanding CALICO Journal article from the articles published in the preceding year's volume. The award is based on the importance of the topic addressed in the article, quality of research, and contribution to the field of computer-assisted language learning.
- a non commercial (cost-free) website of language-learning resources, created and/or maintained by CALICO members.
- an Outstanding Graduate Student, conferred by the CALICO Executive Board.
Recent CALICO publication include:
- Senta Goertler, Paula Winke, Editors. (2008) Opening Doors through Distance Language Education: Principles, Perspectives, and Practices ISSN:1085-2999
- Kassen, Margaret Ann, et al. (2007) Preparing and Developing Technology-proficient L2 Teachers ISSN:1085-2999
- Lara Ducate, Nike Arnold (2006 ) Calling on CALL: From Theory and Research to New Directions in Foreign Language Teaching ISSN:1085-299
- Conoscenti, Michelangelo. (1997)."Technological Learning Environments: From Theory to Practice." 
- Kathryn A. Murphy-Judy (1997) The Convergence of Language Teaching and Research Using Technology. Calico Monograph Series, 4. North Carolina: CALICO, 112-121.
- Phillips, June K. (1998): "Media for the Message: Technology's Role in the Standards." Calico Journal 16.1 25-36.
- Meunier, Lydie E. (1997) "Affective Factors and Cyberteaching: Implications for a Postmodern Pedagogy." Nexus: The Convergence of Language Teaching and Research Using Technology. Calico Monograph Series, 4. .
- Moeller, Adeiline J. (1997) "Moving from Instruction to Learning with Technology: Where's the Content?" Calico Journal 14, 2-4 : 5-13.
- Warschauer, M. (1996). Comparing face-to-face and electronic discussion in the second language classroom. CALICO Journal 13(2), 7-26
Mark Warschauer, a major scholar in the field of technology and learning, is the author or editor of eight books and more than 100 scholarly papers on topics related to technology use for language and literacy development, education, and social inclusion, many of which have been published by CALICO. Warschauer was the recipient in 1998 of the Educational Testing Service/TOEFL Policy Council Award for outstanding international contribution in the field of technology and language learning.