Collaborative Research into Small Arms Technology

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Collaborative Research Into Small Arms Technology (CRISAT) is the name of a series of studies conducted by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), identifying and defining threats with regard to the standardisation in the manufacturing of military equipment.[1] The CRISAT target is defined as a 1.6 mm titanium (UK IMI Ti 318) plate supplemented by 20 layers of Kevlar (UK/SC/4468) as defined in STANAG 4512.[1] This target is intended to replicate the personal protection used by former Warsaw Pact countries, and it is still used as a reference.[1] The CRISAT target will stop the commonly used 9×19mm Parabellum full metal jacket cartridge,[1] but it is pierced by the newer 5.7×28mm and 4.6×30mm personal defense weapon cartridges.[2]

Areas of Study[edit]

Technology Area 1[edit]

This study concerns Target Definition. It was done by the U.S. It defines for example the area of a CRISAT crouching man: 0.37m2.

Technology Area 2[edit]

This study concerns Terminal Effects. It was done by the U.K. It defines the ability to incapacitate within a few seconds, the Rapid Incapacitation Target (RIT) model.

Technology Area 3[edit]

This study concerns Target Acquisition. It was done by France.

Technology Area 4[edit]

This study concerns Materials. It was done by the U.S.

Technology Area 5[edit]

This study concerns Propellants. It was done by Germany.

Technology Area 6[edit]


Technology Area 7[edit]


Technology Area 8[edit]

This study concerns Power & Electronics Systems. It was done by the U.S.

Technology Area 9[edit]

This study concerns Analysis of Effectiveness. It was done by the U.K.


  1. ^ a b c d Valpolini, Paolo (June 2009). "There are Two Types of Men in this World..." (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-14. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  2. ^ Owen, William F. (2007). "Current Light Weapons Issues. Bullets, not guns!" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-12.