Cache River (Arkansas)
Cache River, Woodruff County
Map of the Cache River
|Source||Unnamed drainage ditches|
|⁃ location||Butler County, Missouri|
|Mouth||White River (Arkansas)|
|151 ft (46 m)|
|Length||213 mi (343 km)|
|⁃ location||White River, Clarendon|
|⁃ right||Bayou De View|
|Official name||Cache-Lower White Rivers|
|Designated||21 November 1989|
The Cache River is a tributary of the White River, 213 mi (343 km) long, in northeastern Arkansas in the United States. Its headwaters also drain a small portion of southeastern Missouri. Via the White River, the Cache is part of the Mississippi River watershed, placing the river and surrounding watershed in the Arkansas Delta.
The river supports 53 mammalian species, over 200 bird species, and nearly 50 species of reptiles and amphibians. The refuge is also the most important wintering area for mallard ducks and other migratory waterfowl on the continent. As a result, low-lying areas in the vicinity of the river's lower course are a popular destination for duck hunters. The area has the only remaining population of native black bears in the state. This is also where the ivory-billed woodpecker was recently speculated to have been sighted (after it was believed to be extinct for 60 years). The watershed also contains the largest remaining tract of contiguous bottomland hardwood forest found in North America. Because of these combination of these unique features, the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge was created along approximately 90 miles (140 km) along the river's lower reaches.
The Cache is formed by a confluence of agricultural ditches in Butler County, Missouri and soon enters Arkansas, flowing generally south-southwestwardly. Several portions of the river's upper course have been straightened and channelized. It joins the White River at the town of Clarendon, Arkansas.
The name of the river is probably a Picardie word meaning "hunt" as a reference to the abundant wildlife along the river. The first explorer into the area was Father Marquette, for whom Picard was the native tongue.
The Cache River near Cotton Plant, Arkansas
- "Cache River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
- "Cache-Lower White Rivers". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Audubon Magazine, July–August, 2007. Page 16. The Ivory Bill, Giving Up The Ghost?
- Barnett, Paula Harmon (March 24, 2014). "Cache River National Wildlife Refuge". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved January 23, 2016.