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Cadoxton (or in full Cadoxton-juxta-Neath) (Welsh: Llangatwg), is a village situated in Neath Port Talbot county borough, Wales. Cadoxton is located just outside the town of Neath and borders the villages of Cilfrew and Bryncoch. The village has 1,684 residents and is located in the Cadoxton ward. Cadoxton elected a Liberal Democrat representative in the 2008 council elections.
The village name Cadoxton is the English language version of the Welsh name Llangatwg (equivalent to St Catwg's) and is a contraction of (Cadoc's-town). Both versions of the name derive from the parish church, located in the centre of the village, which is dedicated to St. Catwg. The village developed its fuller name, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, in order to differentiate it from Cadoxton, Vale of Glamorgan (also known as Cadoxton-juxta-Barry).
The village consists of a main road of approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) running from the outskirts of the town of Neath to the village of Cilfrew, with smaller streets and housing estates feeding off. Cadoxton is home to two pubs, two newsagents and a park located in the centre of the village. Also in the village there is a community centre, a church hall, a garden centre, a funeral home and a guest house. Cadoxton was once home to a brewery, but this has now closed and new housing areas have been built up, seemingly closing the boundary between the village and the town of Neath. Housing in Cadoxton is mainly a mixture of relatively affluent estates consisting of detached housing, and smaller more traditional terraced accommodation. Crime is low in the village, and the area is generally considered to be one of the safest areas in the county.
Children from the village normally attend Catwg Primary School and then Llangatwg Comprehensive School, both located in the village. The secondary school accommodates students from numerous other villages in the area, some located up to 10 miles (16 km) away.
The fine church of St.Catwg's is mentioned by famous `Tramp Poet' W. H. Davies in his "Poet's Pilgrimage". Passing through Cadoxton, on his way to Aberdulais, Davies was overcome by his unexpected discovery in the churchyard of the large gravestone recording the "SAVAGE MURDER" of one Margaret Williams in 1822 and promising its unknown perpetrator a "TERRIBLE RIGHTEOUS JUDGEMENT"