Bryncoch is divided into two wards: Bryncoch North and Bryncoch South. The area is one of the most affluent parts of the county borough, with 29% and 35% of households in the Bryncoch North and Bryncoch South respectively earning more than £40,000 per year.
Historically the village of Bryncoch was centred on Main Road and a few adjacent streets, but the village expanded considerably in the 1960s with the building of the Furzeland Drive and Elias Drive developments. This area makes up the council ward of Bryncoch North, which has only one small street of social housing at Heol Pant Glas, named after a nearby farm located at the furthest northern corner of the ward. The council ward of Bryncoch South includes the distinct areas of the Rhyddings, Gilfach, Penywern, Leiros Parc, and the large social housing estate of Caewern.
There are two village primary schools: Blaenhonddan and the Bryncoch Church in Wales school. There is also a special school, Ysgol Hendre. The nearest secondary school is Dwr y Felin Comprehensive. Many village children also attend the Welsh-language secondary Ysgol Gyfun at Ystalyfera and the Welsh-language Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Castell-nedd.
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Bryncoch was once the principal site of the Main Colliery Company, an important coal mining employer in the area up until 1928. This was the scene of a major disaster on 6th April 1859, when 26 men and boys were drowned by an inflow of water, as reported in The Cambrian newspaper.
The renowned scientist Alfred Russel Wallace lived at Bryncoch Farm and studied Red Admiral butterfiles while working as a surveyor for the Great Western Railway company around 1843. He developed the theory of evolution alongside Charles Darwin.
There are two pubs in or close to the village: the Bryncoch Inn at Ty'n yr Heol Road is near the social housing area of Caewern, while the Dyffryn Arms is on the A474 just north of Bryncoch. Bryncoch Rugby Club, located on Farmers Road, play in the WRU Division 3 South West.
Neath Branch of The Pony Club meet on their own field at Fforest Goch, nearby on the A474. They have previously won the prestigious Gymkhana team games competition at the Royal Welsh Show (The largest Agricultural show in Europe)
- Wyn Owen, H. and Morgan, R. (2008) Dictionary of the Place-names of Wales. Llandysul: Gomer
- Bevan, Dai. "DYFFRYN CLYDACH". Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "The Dyffryn Arms Restaurant and Pub | Bryncoch, Neath". www.thedyffrynarms.com. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
- Griffiths, Megan (28 March 2017). "The Lamb and Flag Inn is pulling its last pint this Thursday". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
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