The Caledonian-Record

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The Caledonian-Record
Type Daily Newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Publisher Todd M. Smith
Editor Dana Gray
Founded 1837
Headquarters 190 Federal Street
St. Johnsbury, Vermont 05819  United States
Circulation 10,204
ISSN 1054-3716
OCLC number 12180513
Website Caledonian-Record

The Caledonian-Record is a daily newspaper published in St. Johnsbury, Vermont.[1] It was established in 1837.[2] It employs a staff of 36.[3]


The paper is distributed in the Northeast Kingdom of Vermont and the North Country of New Hampshire. It maintains a New Hampshire office located at 263 Main Street in Littleton, New Hampshire.[4] It is published daily except Sunday and some holidays.[2][5][6]

The Caledonian has focused on local news from 50 communities, which are located in three Vermont counties and two New Hampshire ones.[7] The average daily net paid circulation has dipped from a peak of about 12,500 about 1999 to the six months ending March 2013 at 10,204.[8]

Penetration of the primary market area of St. Johnsbury and Lyndonville was under 93%. For the area immediately surrounding St. Johnsbury the Caledonian provided coverage of 80% of the occupied households.[9]


Albert G. Chadwick began publishing the paper as a weekly in August, 1837. It is the oldest paper in the county. It started as a four-page, twenty-four column paper.[10]

It was a Whig paper when it started.[11] At the time, Vermont was strongly Whig.[12] The paper advocated the principles of the Free Soil element and became an early adherent and unswerving supporter of the principles of the Republican Party. It was edited and published by its founder for 18 years. George D. Rand and Charles M. Stone bought it in July 1855. Stone became the sole owner, editor and publisher in April 1857.

In 1875 it was still a weekly newspaper. Subscribers paid $1.50 a year.

In the 20th century, the paper was bought by a former Hearst reporter from Boston, Herb Smith. His son, Gordon Smith, Class of 1941 at Yale, joined the paper on the business side upon graduation and went on to own and publish the paper. Gordon brought with him as a writer who stayed a year; a classmate, Barry Zorthian.[13]

Caledonian-Record Pub. Co., Inc. v. VT State College[edit]

The Caledonian garnered attention in 2003 over a court case entitled Caledonian-Record Pub. Co., Inc. v. VT State College. The Caledonian wanted to have access to student disciplinary records and hearings from Lyndon State College. Lyndon state claimed that it was exempt from making the requested information public per the Vermont Public Records Act and the Open Meetings Law. The local court sided with Lyndon State College, and an appeal to the Vermont Supreme Court followed. The Vermont Supreme Court upheld the verdict.[14][15][16] Julie Fothergill, an attorney with the Vermont League of Cities and Towns, stated that the ruling "is important for all public bodies because it indicates how the Court may interpret other exceptions to the Public Records Law."[17][18]

The Caledonian recently[edit]

In 2007 the paper employed a staff of 40, and its sales ranged from one million to five million dollars annually.[2]

In 2007 the paper became involved in a partnership with the ASNE at Lyndon Institute to publish a school newspaper, the first the school has had, entitled The Campus News.[5]

In 2008 the paper outsourced the printing of the paper to Upper Valley Press in Haverhill, New Hampshire, citing equipment, quality control and personnel problems.[19]


  1. ^ Mondo
  2. ^ a b c VT Caledonian Record Publication Profile Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  3. ^ Archived from the original on November 30, 2002. Retrieved July 15, 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Littleton, NH, Discover Our Town. Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  5. ^ a b ASNE Partnership profile: Lyndon Institute/Caledonian-Record, High School Journalism. Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  6. ^ Resources for New Hampshire Residents - Caledonian Record, Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  7. ^ Alexander, Mary Jane, (Winter 1998) Civic journalism as rationale for aggressive coverage of domestic assault, Newspaper Research Journal.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  9. ^ Us, The Caledonian Record Online. Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  10. ^ Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887
  11. ^ "Chronicling America: The Caledonian-record". Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  12. ^ John Joseph Lalor (1890). "Vermont". Cyclopaedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States. 3. C. E. Merrill & Company. pp. 1061–1063. 
  13. ^ Oral history, conducted by Richard B. Verrone, Ph.D., The Vietnam Archive at Texas Tech University, 2006. Pp 27-8. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  14. ^ (September 12, 2003) Newspaper loses bid to access student disciplinary records, But newspaper can access 'final results' of hearings, Vermont Supreme Court rules Student Press Law Center. Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  16. ^
  17. ^ Fothergill, Julie (September 2003) STUDENT DISCIPLINARY RECORDS ARE EXEMPT FROM PUBLIC DISCLOSURE VLCT News. Accessed online: July 14, 2007
  18. ^ (September 8, 2003) Newspaper loses bid to access student-discipline files, First Amendment Center. Accessed online: July 14, 2007.
  19. ^ Denied:1up! Software

External links[edit]