Coös County, New Hampshire
|Coos County, New Hampshire|
Coös County Courthouse in Lancaster
Location in the U.S. state of New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location in the U.S.
|• Total||1,830 sq mi (4,740 km2)|
|• Land||1,795 sq mi (4,649 km2)|
|• Water||35 sq mi (91 km2), 1.9%|
|• Density||18/sq mi (7/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Coös County (//, with two syllables), frequently spelled Coos County, is a county in the state of New Hampshire, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,055, the least of any New Hampshire county. The county seat is Lancaster.
The two-syllable pronunciation is sometimes indicated with a dieresis, notably in the Lancaster-based weekly newspaper The Coös County Democrat and on some county-owned vehicles. The county government uses both spellings interchangeably.
Coös County is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is the only New Hampshire county on the Canada–United States border, south of the province of Quebec, and thus is home to New Hampshire's only international port of entry, the Pittsburg-Chartierville Border Crossing.
Coös County includes the whole of the state's northern panhandle. Major industries include forestry and tourism, with the once-dominant paper-making industry in sharp decline. The county straddles two of the state's tourism regions. The southernmost portion of the county is part of the White Mountains Region and is home to Mount Washington. The remainder of the county is known as the Great North Woods Region.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Media
- 6 Communities
- 7 In popular culture
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Coös County was separated from the northern part of Grafton County, New Hampshire and organized at Berlin December 24, 1803, although the county seat was later moved to Lancaster, with an additional shire town at Colebrook. The name Coös derives from the Algonquian word meaning "small pines".
During the American Revolutionary War two units of troops of the Continental Army — Bedel's Regiment and Whitcomb's Rangers — were raised from the settlers of Coös. From the Treaty of Paris of 1783 until 1835 the boundaries in the northern tip of the county (and New Hampshire itself) were disputed with Lower Canada (which was soon to become part of the Province of Canada), and for some years residents of the area formed the independent Republic of Indian Stream.
In the 1810 census there were 3,991 residents, and by 1870 there were nearly 15,000, at which point the entire county was valued at just under $USD 5 million, with farm productivity per acre comparing favorably with that of contemporary Illinois. Other early industries included forestry and manufacturing, using 4,450 water horsepower in 1870.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,830 square miles (4,700 km2), of which 1,795 square miles (4,650 km2) is land and 35 square miles (91 km2) (1.9%) is water. It is the largest county in New Hampshire by area, and it is one of only two counties in the United States to share land borders with two different states and another country, along with Boundary County, Idaho.
Much of its mountainous area is reserved as national forest, wilderness, state parks and other public areas; these encompass most of the northern portion of the White Mountains, including all the named summits of the Presidential Range (though one, Mt. Webster's, lies about 200 feet (61 m) from the county line). Mt. Washington's peak is the highest in the Northeast. The 162-mile Cohos Trail runs the length of the county.
The principal state highways in Coös County are New Hampshire Route 16, which runs mostly parallel to the Maine state line, and New Hampshire Route 26, which traverses the Great Northern Woods from Vermont Route 102 southeast to Maine Route 26 towards Portland. The two major US Highways are US Route 2, which roughly bisects the county from Lancaster to the Oxford County line, and US Route 3, which runs from Carroll in the south to the Canada–US border at Pittsburg/Chartierville, where it continues as Quebec Route 257.
- Oxford County, Maine (east)
- Carroll County (southeast)
- Grafton County (southwest)
- Essex County, Vermont (west)
- Coaticook Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada (north)
- Le Haut-Saint-François Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada (north)
- Le Granit Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada (north)
National protected areas
- Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge (part)
- White Mountain National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,111 people, 13,961 households, and 9,158 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 19,623 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.05% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.5% were of French, 19.8% French Canadian, 14.2% English, 10.2% Irish and 10.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 16.17% of the population speak French at home. 
There were 13,961 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,593, and the median income for a family was $40,654. Males had a median income of $32,152 versus $21,088 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,218. About 6.80% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,055 people, 14,171 households, and 8,879 families residing in the county. The population density was 18.4 inhabitants per square mile (7.1/km2). There were 21,321 housing units at an average density of 11.9 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.2% were English, 16.9% were Irish, 16.4% were French Canadian, 6.6% were American, 6.5% were German, and 5.6% were Italian.
Of the 14,171 households, 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families, and 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age was 46.4 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $41,534 and the median income for a family was $52,825. Males had a median income of $41,816 versus $29,086 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,976. About 8.7% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
Coös County is one of the most consistent bellwether counties in the United States, having supported the president-elect in every election since 1892 except for 1968 and 2004, when it supported losing Democrat candidates Humphrey and Kerry.
|2016||52.0% 7,951||42.9% 6,558|
|2012||40.4% 6,342||57.9% 9,095|
|2008||40.1% 6,558||58.3% 9,532|
|2004||48.1% 8,143||50.7% 8,585|
|2000||50.2% 7,329||45.0% 6,570|
|1996||33.3% 4,703||50.9% 7,191|
|1992||33.4% 5,271||41.5% 6,559|
|1988||63.3% 8,763||36.0% 4,981|
|1984||71.2% 10,013||28.5% 4,004|
|1980||60.1% 8,724||32.7% 4,749|
|1976||48.5% 7,094||50.5% 7,385|
|1972||60.8% 9,468||37.5% 5,829|
|1968||44.0% 6,822||53.3% 8,261|
|1964||28.9% 4,863||71.1% 11,956|
|1960||42.7% 7,797||57.3% 10,455|
- WMOU - 1230 AM, Berlin - Nostalgia
- WOTX - 93.7 FM, Groveton - Classic rock - "The Outlaw"
- WHOM - 94.9 FM, Mount Washington - Soft Adult Contemporary - "America's Superstation" (serves Portland, Maine; broadcasts from Mount Washington)
- W238BP - 95.3 FM, Berlin - Hot Adult Contemporary - "Magic 104" - Rebroadcast of WVMJ, North Conway
- W251BD - 98.1 FM, Berlin - Hot Adult Contemporary - "Magic 104" - Rebroadcast of WVMJ, North Conway
- WNYN-FM - 99.1 FM, Jefferson - Adult Hits - "Free 99.1"
- WXXS - 102.3 FM, Lancaster -Top 40- "Kiss 102.3"
- WPKQ - 103.7 FM, North Conway - (broadcasts from Mount Washington)
- WEVC - 107.1 FM, Gorham - New Hampshire Public Radio
(Compiled from Radiostationworld.com)
- W34DQ-D - Pittsburg - Channel 34, rebroadcast of New Hampshire Public Television (NHPTV)
- W27BL - Berlin - Channel 27, rebroadcast of WMUR-TV (ABC)
Coös County is part of the Portland-Auburn DMA. Cable companies carry local market stations WPFO (Fox), WMTW (ABC), WGME (CBS), and WCSH (NBC), plus NHPTV, WMUR and select stations from the Burlington / Plattsburgh market. Sherbrooke stations CKSH-DT (Ici Radio-Canada Télé) and CHLT-DT (TVA), as well as Montreal station CBMT-DT (CBC) are also available, though reception and/or cable carriage may vary by location.
- The Colebrook Chronicle - Weekly published Fridays from Colebrook, circulation 6,000. Also produces weekly Video New of the Week embedded at website
- The Coös County Democrat - Weekly published Wednesdays from Lancaster
- The News and Sentinel - Weekly in Colebrook
- The Berlin Daily Sun
- The Berlin Reporter - Weekly published Wednesdays from Berlin
- Great Northwoods Journal - Weekly from Lancaster, publication ceased January 2013
- The North Woods Weekly - Weekly from Lancaster, published by The News and Sentinel
- Atkinson and Gilmanton Academy Grant
- Bean's Grant
- Bean's Purchase
- Chandler's Purchase
- Crawford's Purchase
- Cutt's Grant
- Dix's Grant
- Erving's Location
- Green's Grant
- Hadley's Purchase
- Low and Burbank's Grant
- Martin's Location
- Pinkham's Grant
- Sargent's Purchase
- Second College Grant
- Thompson and Meserve's Purchase
- Wentworth's Location
In popular culture
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coos County
- "New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 22:11, "Coos"". New Hampshire General Court. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Bright, William. Native American Placenames of the United States. 2004. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- Hiker completes creation of 162-mile trail Billy Baker, Boston Globe, October 16, 2011
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- ‘There Are No Bellwether Counties’
- 1892 ‘Presidential Election of 1892’ (and subsequent elections’ maps)
- Meyers, Jeffrey. "On "The Witch of Coös"". Modern American Poetry. University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Department of English. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- "Last Night in Twisted River". johnirving.com. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- Official website
- University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension: Coös County office
- National Register of Historic Places listing for Coös County
||Coaticook RCM, Quebec, Canada
Le Haut-Saint-François RCM, Quebec, Canada
Le Granit RCM, Quebec, Canada
|Essex County, Vermont||Oxford County, Maine|
|Grafton County||Carroll County|