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Hesperis eighty-eight (C. hesperis)
upperside of museum specimen
Texa eighty-eight (Callicore texa).jpg
Texa eighty-eight (C. texa)
underside, Cristalino River, Southern Amazon, Brazil
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Callicorini
Genus: Callicore
Hübner, [1819]
Type species
Callicore astarte
Cramer, [1779]
See text

Catagramma Boisduval, 1836

Callicore is a genus of nymphalid butterfly found in the Neotropical realm. This genus, like some related ones, was formerly lumped together as the paraphyletic Catagramma assemblage.

Species in this genus are commonly called eighty-eights or numberwings like the related genera Diaethria and Perisama, in reference to the characteristic patterns on the hindwing undersides of many. In Callicore, the pattern consists of bluish dots surrounded by black and looks more like "αB" or "8°", though some members of this genus have a completely different arrangement of dots. The forewing undersides vary little between species, being black with one or two broad orange-yellow bands in the basal part and one thin and one very faint yellowish band near the apex.

C. hydarnis is listed as an endangered species in Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Listed alphabetically within species groups:[1]

The atacama species group:

The cyllene species group:

The cynosura species group:

The hydarnis species group

The hydaspes species group:

The pitheas species group:

The texa species group:

The tolima species group:



  1. ^ "Callicore Hübner, [1819]" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  • Casagrande, M. M., Mielke, O. H. H., & Brown, K. S., Jr. (1998). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) considered as threatened in Minas Gerais, Brazil (in Portuguese). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 15(1), 241-259.
  • Garwood, K. M., Lehman, Carter, W., & Carter, G. (2007). Butterflies of Southern Amazonia. Mission, Texas: Neotropical Butterflies.
  • Lamas, G., ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.

External links[edit]