Calliophis intestinalis

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Calliophis intestinalis
Calliophis intestinalis 1916.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Calliophis
Species: C. intestinalis
Binomial name
Calliophis intestinalis
(Laurenti, 1768)
Calliophis intestinalis distribution.png
Synonyms
  • Aspis intestinalis Laurenti, 1768
  • Elaps intestinalis Cantor, 1847
  • Callophis [sic] intestinalis
    Günther, 1859
  • Adeniophis intestinalis
    Boulenger, 1890
  • Doliophis intestinalis
    — Boulenger, 1896
  • Calamaria klossi M.A. Smith, 1926
  • Maticora intestinalis
    Loveridge, 1944
  • Calliophis intestinalis
    Slowinski et al., 2001[2][3]

Calliophis intestinalis, commonly known as the banded Malaysian coral snake, is a species of venomous elapid snake endemic to Southeast Asia.[1]

Geographic range[edit]

C. intestinalis is found in Borneo, Indonesia, Java, Malaysia, the Mentawai Archipelago, the Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand, and Vietnam.[3]

Venom[edit]

This small species possesses a potent venom, and human fatalities from its bite have been recorded.[4]

Subspecies[edit]

Seven subspecies are recognized, including the nominotypical subspecies.[3][5]

  • Calliophis intestinalis bilineata (W. Peters, 1881)
  • Calliophis intestinalis everetti (Boulenger, 1896)
  • Calliophis intestinalis intestinalis (Laurenti, 1768)
  • Calliophis intestinalis lineata (Gray, 1835)
  • Calliophis intestinalis philippina (Günther, 1864)
  • Calliophis intestinalis suluensis (Steindachner, 1891)
  • Calliophis intestinalis thepassi (Bleeker, 1859)

Nota bene: A trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Calliophis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/177500/0
  2. ^ Boulenger GA. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphae and Proteroglyphæ), ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Doliophis intestinalis, pp. 401-404).
  3. ^ a b c The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  4. ^ Das I. 2006. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Borneo. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-061-1. (Calliophis intestinalis, p. 62).
  5. ^ ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger GA. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Adeniophis intestinalis, pp. 386–387).
  • Cantor TE. 1847. Catalogue of Reptiles Inhabiting the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta 16 (2): 607-656, 897-952, 1026-1078. (Elaps intestinalis, p. 1028).
  • Laurenti JN. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatum cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austriacorum. Vienna: "Joan. Thom. Nob. de Trattnern". 214 pp. + Plates I-V. (Aspis intestinalis, p. 106).
  • Slowinski JB, Boundy J, Lawson R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245.

External links[edit]