Camillo Cortellini (24 January 1561–12/13 February 1630) was an Italian composer, singer, and violinist.
Cortellini was born in Bologna, and was the son of the composer Gaspare "the viola" Cortellini. In following his father's profession Camillo was nicknamed "violino." His first musical education was received from his father who was employed at the Concerto Palatino. He then was taught by Alfonso Ganass].
On 26 February 1577, Cortellini succeeded his father in the Concerto della Signoria. In the same month, Cortellini was also admitted as the second soprano Cornett player for the group Concerto Palatino where he would later come back and direct in 1613. In 1593 he was elected cantor at the prestigious chapel of San Petronio Basilica, where he worked until his death in 1630. From 1582 to 1599 Cortellini was in and out of works with the Capella Musicale of San Petrinio ("San Petronio Basilica") and served there as a singer and trombonist from 1600 to 1629 with a break between 1607 and 1610. In 1626 Cortellini became a member of Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna ("philharmonic academy of Bologna"). 
In 1583 he released his first publication where he labeled himself as "Musico Dell'Illustrissima Signoria di Bologna" ("the most illustrious lordship of Bologna"). His first publications were secular music, which included three books of madrigals between 1583 and 1586. His printed works also include two books of psalm settings, a set of eight magnificent settings, and 3 books of masses. Cortellini was the first composer in Bologna to publish concerted Masses with his Second Book of Masses in 1617.
- Primo Libro de’ Madrigali a 5 e 6 voci. Ferrara, Baldini, 1583 (preserved incomplete)
- Secondo Libro de’ Madrigali a 5 voci. Bologna, Rossi, 1584 (preserved incomplete)
- Terzo Libro de’ Madrigali a 5 voci. Ferrara, Baldini, 1586
- Salmi a 6 voi. Venice, Vincenti, 1595
- Salmi a 8 voci e organo per i Vespri di tutto l’anno. Venice, Vincenti, 1606
- 8 Magnificat a 6 voci. Venice, Vincenti, 1607
- Messe a 4, 5, 6 e 8 voci e organo sui toni ecclesiastici. Venice, Vincenti, 1609
- Laetanie della Beata Vergine a 5, 6, 7 e 8 voci. Venezia, Vincenti, 1615
- Messe concertate a 8 voci. Venice, Vincenti, 1617
- Messe concertate a 8 voci. Venice, Vincenti, 1626
- Azioni rappresentate in musica per la Festa della Porchetta di Bologna. 1627 (only libretto survives)
- Rossana Dalmonte Camillo Cortellini, madrigalista bolognese 1980 p9
- Osvaldo Gambassi Il Concerto Palatino della signoria di Bologna: cinque secoli di vita 1989 p636
- Anne Schnoebelen. "Cortellini, Camillo." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.
- Mary Nicole Schnoebelen The concerted mass at San Petronio in Bologna, ca. 1660-1730 1966 p162
- Guion, David M. "The Renaissance Trombone." A History of the Trombone. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2010.
- Franco Piperno, Madrigali sconosciuti di Camillo Cortellini e Adam Ena (1587), Firenze, Leo S. Olschki, 1982
- Recording 2007, Scattolin, Tactus
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