Canaan–Hereford Road Border Crossing

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Canaan-Hereford Road Border Crossing
Canaan Vermont border station north view.jpg
US Border Inspection Station at Canaan, Vermont
Location
CountryUnited States; Canada
Location
Coordinates45°00′46″N 71°33′37″W / 45.012666°N 71.56028°W / 45.012666; -71.56028Coordinates: 45°00′46″N 71°33′37″W / 45.012666°N 71.56028°W / 45.012666; -71.56028
Details
Opened1930
US Phone(802) 266-3375
Canadian Phone(819) 844-2242
HoursOpen 24 Hours (Canadian station is only open for commercial traffic during business hours on weekdays)
Website
U.S. Inspection Station-Canaan, Vermont
MPSU.S. Border Inspection Stations MPS
NRHP reference #14000601
Added to NRHPSeptember 10, 2014

The Canaan–Hereford Road Border Crossing connects the towns of Saint-Herménégilde, Quebec and Canaan, Vermont on the Canada–US border. The crossing is at the junction of Quebec Route 141 and Vermont Route 141, and is open 24 hours for non-commercial traffic. Both the US and Canada border inspection stations are among the oldest buildings still being operated by the respective agencies. The US border station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.

Setting[edit]

The Canada–United States border between Vermont and Quebec is essentially a straight east-west line. This border crossing is located west of Leach Creek, a tributary of the Connecticut River and northwest of the village center of Canaan. The Canadian village of Hereford, a small cluster of buildings, is set just north of the border, while the area immediately south of the border is rural.

The crossing is three miles from the Beecher Falls-East Hereford Border Crossing. A US Border patrol regional headquarters is between the two crossings.[1] Remnants of the old Canaan Line House still stand abandoned between the two countries' border inspection stations. It once served as a popular watering hole during Prohibition.[2]

Canadian station[edit]

The Canadian station is located a short way north of the border, on the east side of Quebec 141.

United States station[edit]

The United States station is located about 700 feet (210 m) south of the border, on the west side of Vermont 141. It is a 1-1/2 story brick structure with Georgian Revival styling, covered by gabled roof. Single-story four-bay garage wings with hip roof extend to each side, and a metal porte-cochere protects a single lane of traffic during processing. The main block is three bays wide, with display windows flanking a center entrance. The interior is symmetrically arranged, with one side for immigration, and the other for customs. Two of the southern garage bays have been converted into a restroom.[3]

The station was built in 1933, as part of a major program by the United States to improve its land border security. This program was prompted by increased use of the automobile, a rise in illegal immigration, and of smuggling during Prohibition. It was one of the first stations built in the state under this program, and follows a plan similar to that of other period stations. It is one ten surviving 1930s stations in the state.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chapter 1: Northern Maine and New Hampshire". United Divide: A Linear Portrait of the USA/Canada Border. The Center for Land Use Interpretation. Winter 2015.
  2. ^ "Newport, VT Man Remembers Prohibition". Vermonter.com. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
  3. ^ a b "NRHP nomination for U.S. Border Station-Canaan, Vermont" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-01-10.