Canatlán Municipality

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Canatlán
Municipality
Municipality of Canatlán in Durango
Municipality of Canatlán in Durango
Canatlán is located in Mexico
Canatlán
Canatlán
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 24°12′30″N 105°30′15″W / 24.20833°N 105.50417°W / 24.20833; -105.50417Coordinates: 24°12′30″N 105°30′15″W / 24.20833°N 105.50417°W / 24.20833; -105.50417
Country  Mexico
State Durango
Municipal seat Ciudad Canatlán
Area
 • Total 4,686.1 km2 (1,809.3 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 31,401
 • Density 6.7/km2 (17/sq mi)

Canatlán is one of the 39 municipalities of Durango, in northwestern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Ciudad Canatlán. The municipality covers an area of 4686.1 km².

As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 31,401,[1] up from 29,354 as of 2005.[2]


As of 2010, the city of Canatlán had a population of 11,495.[1] Other than the city of Canatlán, the municipality had 327 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were: José Guadalupe Aguilera (Santa Lucía) (1,719), Ricardo Flores Magón (1,467), Venustiano Carranza (Ocotán) (1,259), San José de Gracia (1,256), and Nicolás Bravo (1,253), classified as rural.[1]

History[edit]

Having ended the insurrection, Tepehuana clear the way for the monks to return to their base missions on the smoking ruins were new temples were built. On January 29, 1620, the first Jesuit priests arrived in the town of Durango, after the insurrection Tepehuana, built new missions in places where they have previously been established. Franciscan priests built a small plain near La Sauceda, a mission which they named San Diego de Canatlán. And set in 1620 as the foundation of this mission, because that's when the monks came to the region and the Tepehuana was call San Diego, because on November 13 he founded the holy name corresponding to the mission which is Canatlan, a Mexican word meaning "nest of land next to water or nesting ground and water." The oldest document found Canatlán talks the issued on January 3, 1623, and is a certification made by Fray Diego de Espinoza, president of the Convent of San Diego de Canatlán Mission San Diego de Canatlán, was established, according to documents that have been seen in the same place where the present parish church. The earliest description is found about this church, dating from 1755 and it speaks of a new church. As Canatlán is in the foothills of the valley, for many years and since before the town was founded, was called the Valley, (Valle de La Sauceda). Fray Diego de Espinoza, a Franciscan of the Order of San Diego de Alcalá, in front of six Spanish friars of California's High and supported by 30 mestizo families, founded on November 13, 1623, the "Mission San Diego de Canatlán" in the place of the local Catholic church, founded a band room and also an off-farm monastery south of the mission. The mestizos and their families took the name of the population Acaxee located across the hill. The foundation of the houses that made up the crew, took the form of a cross, but the natives took to calling him "Old Alley 30", a name that has prevailed until now, only the variant of "old neighborhood of 30" because growing up he included three lanes and part of the Avenue The Presidio in this city. Given the easy acceptance and deployment of communications, Mission San Diego de Alcalá, soon had more popularity and acceptance that nearby towns and missions, reaching required become the center of trade, post and authority, his name being abbreviated, and was known only to "Canatlán". Mission fell to the convent and church form plot farms, which they added to local dwellings and general trade. When performing studies for the Royal Division of the Territory of the Province of Nueva Vizcaya, the population was registered Canatlán Headend category belonging to the First Quarter Real de la Villa de Durango and with jurisdiction over the missions and settlements nearby to impart knowledge of the authority of the Crown of Spain the Christian doctrine of the Roman Pontiff agree to such minor disagreements between the mestizos and Indians, but without any jurisdiction of the Spanish population, for whom it was only competent authority Real de la Villa de Durango General Governor of Nueva Vizcaya. Following enactment of the 1917 Constitution, on February 5, Canatlán now stands at head of the municipality that bears his name, category preserved until today, taking possession on that date, the first Presidente Municipal Constitucional, Mr. Don Luis Olono Rodriguez that starting with the free development of their people, respect for private property, the desire for beautification of the population, the influx and operation of trade and the actual use of means of transport, railways, trucks and automobiles, the knowledge of many people to the state capital and other capitals of the country, but accused Canatlán slow progress and live in peace and quiet of any town on the Mexican. It was not until 1959, when he suffers another name change: The H. Durango State Legislature approves the Decree number 353, the 30th day of May, which was adopted on 8 October of that year, consequently classified "Canatlán of Apples" to the main town. This name causes confusion with the names of other towns and places of the Republic and the decree had to be repealed and Canatlán back to its old name. His political and social development and the increase in population, converted to the category Canatlán Canatlán Town, to meet the requirements for sanitation, media, economics, etc. and by decree number 127 of the Legislature of the State of Durango, Solemn Proclamation read in Juárez Garden Civic Esplanade on 7 November 1972, taking charge of the ceremony, the city Gámiz Doctor Don Salvador Fernández, Governor Acting state, and in the presence of municipal authorities, some military commissioners, representatives of social or service clubs, unions, trade and general public. In the official newspaper of the Government of the State of Durango on Sunday, August 16, 1987 from page 114, states that on June 20, 1983 was submitted to the Legislature Local Initiative decree for the creation of the municipality No. 39 (Nuevo Ideal).

Which, after being turned over to the respective committee and have met all requirements established by the free Municipality Act, dated July 7, 1987, was published the decree that establishes the creation of the municipality of Nuevo Ideal with a surface 2.039 km ², setting the same decree No. 56, the legal effects of separation from the 1st start. January 1989, the area was segregated housing stock Canatlan.[3]

Location[edit]

Canatlán Township is located between latitude 24° 12'30and 24° 50'30north latitude and the meridian 105° 30'15and 104° 26'45west longitude, at an average altitude of 2,000 meters above mean the sea. Bordered on the north by the municipalities of Nuevo Ideal and Santiago Papasquiaro, on the south and southeast with the municipality of Durango, on the east by the municipalities of San Juan del Río, and Pánuco Comonfort Conet Coronado, west and southwest by the municipality of San Dimas.

It is divided into 156 localities, of which the most important are: Canatlán, Donato Guerra, J. Guadalupe Aguilera, La Sauceda, El Tule, San José de Gracia and Santa Lucia.

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to the results presented in the Second Census of Population and Housing in 2005, in the municipality live in a total of 77 people who spoke an indigenous language.

Education[edit]

In the town there are the infrastructure of social benefit, which serve to provide education at various levels such as 40 in kindergarten, 62 primary, 26 secondary schools, 2 middle school, 3 high schools, one normal and one commercial academy.

Health[edit]

The health care is provided by the IMSS, SS, ISSSTE, DIF and private clinics. In rural care covers the SS, IMSS, as well as the units of IMSS-Solidaridad.

Housing[edit]

Urban concentration is given in the municipal, developing some programs to promote housing with government support. The municipality has 7.129 housing; home ownership is private, relying mostly with the basic services of urban support. The type of housing construction is of mud and brick. According to the results presented in the Second Census of Population and Housing in 2005, the township has a total of 7.130 households out of which 7.047 are private.

Public services[edit]

The town offers its residents the services of electricity, water and sewer, parks and gardens, street lighting, recreation center, sports, market, cemetery and public safety.

7.129 There are occupied homes, of which 90% have running water and electricity and 43% drain. Plant has a waste water treatment in use, with installed capacity of 33.00 liters per second and the volume sought to 708.684 meters of timber annually.

The municipality has 264.1 kilometers of roads, 96.7 kilometers paved, 152.9 km of rural roads and 14.5 kilometers covered improved breaches, has an airfield with a runway length of 1.500 meters.

There is a telegraph office, two microwave stations and 7 receiving earth stations and 25 post offices.

The existing municipal market, supplies 75% of the towns, the city administers the services of park and gardens, public buildings, sports and recreational units, monuments and fountains.

Landmarks[edit]

Hacienda La Sauceda, colonial style, built by the Jesuits in the seventeenth century. Parish Canatlán colonial style, built in the eighteenth century and rebuilt twice, the first in the early nineteenth century and the second in 1914. Helmet Guatimapé hacienda and church in ruins, colonial style, the eighteenth century, municipal presidency in 1934 and school J. Guadalupe Aguilera, colonial, with adaptations carried out at the beginning of this century.

Museums[edit]

There is a community museum in the Commonwealth of Gomelia in which most of the new exhibition are remnants of pre-Hispanic cultures, such as arrows, points of obsidian, pottery and a skull taken from a cave that was believed was a ceremonial center, among others.

Fiestas, dances and traditions[edit]

Festivals

Since 1950 takes place between 23 and 30 September of the Apple Fair in Canatlan, at the initiative of Mr. Francisco Treviño Martínez then mayor, helping in the organization by Mr. Baltazar Espinoza, Don Pedro Flores, and Ms. Victoria Villareal Reyes.Is fair, now is regional and is held from 12 to 16 September.

Legends

Those who speak of the treasures of the Earl of Súchil.

Customs and Traditions

On March 1 they worship the Divine Shepherd.

Music

Canatlán Township, has the "Corridos of Canatlan"

Crafts

Ceramics "Canatlán" is a red striped pottery first appeared on stage Tunal River by the year 1100 AD and continued being used for 1150-1350. Its origin is uncertain. The early experiments with red decoration on pots simple brown color can represent a first approach to the ceramic group. However, the local decor suggests a common design on the straps that are used to carry water jars. In this way and others, as much as Canatlán is a repeat of red on tan male culture of the Loma de San Gabriel, appear to have been particularly close during Tunal River and have resulted in the development of Canatlán red list.

Food: Cheese and butter, roast beef Canatlán style, green chile stew of the Mennonite settlements adjacent to New Ideal, making pork carnitas special recipes of the region.

Candy: Caramel apple and fibula.

Beverages: Canned apple juice.

Rationalization policy[edit]

For the election of Deputies of the State FPTP is divided into 15 single-member districts, the municipality belongs to the District VI Canatlán letterhead and also municipal Canatlán includes the municipalities of Canatlán, San Juan del Río and Comonfort Conet. The number of proportional representation councilors in the municipalities are assigned according to the following pattern: In Canatlán, Cuencamé, Guadalupe Victoria, Mapimí, Name of God, Poanas, Pueblo Nuevo, San Dimas, Santiago Papasquiaro, Tamazula and Tlahualilo, elected new aldermen. The town belongs to the Federal Electoral District No. I [4]

Government[edit]

The government in Canatlan based on a county. The government can be very similar to the United States one, but runs different. Municipal regulations based on the Constitution of the United Mexican States. The municipality has its headwaters in the City of Canatlán of Apples, is political representation through the Honorable City Mayor composed of 1, 1 Municipal Trustee, 1 Town Clerk and 9 aldermen. Canatlan government system is similar to the United States. For example, like Aldermen have districts.

Rivers[edit]

  • La Sauceda: Tributary of Rio Tunal.
  • Pigeons: Tributary of Rio Santiago.
  • Willow Creek.
  • Arroyo Mimbres, tributary of Rio Sauceda

These rivers run either along Durango and though Durango.

Religion[edit]

Research shows that 67% of Canatlan is Catholic Christian, 10% Jehovah's Witnesses, 15% Evangelical and 18% Jewish.

Traditions[edit]

Notable among them the Apple Fair in September each year, Religious Celebration of the Divine Shepherd in the community of La Sauceda, is held the first Friday of March. Conclusion on behalf of the patron saint (San Diego de Alcalá) of the City of Canatlán in November. The legends of Count Suchillos chest, the bench of the municipality and ceramic handicrafts.

Weather[edit]

Most of the township has a semi-cold climate, the annual average temperature of 15.4 °C

The last snowfall was on 12 December 1997.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Canatlán". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Canatlán". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Municipal Canatlan Durango". Retrieved 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ "Canatlan". Archived from the original on March 27, 2012. Retrieved 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)