Caratacus Stone

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Caratacus Stone
Caratacus Stone full view.jpg
Caratacus Stone, showing the inscription CARAACI NEPVS
Location Winsford Hill, Exmoor, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°05′26″N 3°35′12″W / 51.090527°N 3.586698°W / 51.090527; -3.586698Coordinates: 51°05′26″N 3°35′12″W / 51.090527°N 3.586698°W / 51.090527; -3.586698
OS grid reference SS88973355
Built Sub-Roman period (approximately sixth century)
Official name: Caratacus Stone
Reference no. 35777[1]
Caratacus Stone is located in Somerset
Caratacus Stone
Location of Caratacus Stone in Somerset

The Caratacus Stone, sometimes known as the Caractacus Stone, is an inscribed stone on Exmoor in Somerset, England. It is thought to date from the 6th century,[1] and it has been a scheduled monument since 1925.[2]

The inscription, in Latin, appears to read CARAACI NEPVS,[1] though experts have stated that a bar above the second A forms a ligature meaning that it should be read as CARATACI NEPVS.[3][4] It is possible that there was more text on the stone that has weathered away.[1]

The inscription, which can be translated as "grandson or immediate descendant of Caratacus",[3] has led to the general opinion that the stone was probably erected as a memorial to a person who claimed the first-century British chieftain Caratacus as an ancestor.[1]

The first mention of the stone was in 1219, when it was described in a perambulation of the Royal Forest of Exmoor as "the Langeston".[1] In 1890 the letter N (which is reversed) was missing from the inscription, but by 1919 the missing piece had been found and was cemented back in place.[4] In 1906 a shelter was erected over the stone, and an excavation in 1937 revealed that the stone was not associated with a burial site.[1]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Caratacus Stone". Pastscape. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Caratacus Stone". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Thomas, Charles (1994). And Shall These Mute Stones Speak? Post Roman Inscriptions in Western Britain. University of Wales Press. pp. 288–9. ISBN 0-7083-1160-1. 
  4. ^ a b Bruton, F. A. (1919). "The Caratacus Stone on Exmoor". The Journal of Roman Studies. 9: 208–210. doi:10.2307/296006. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Caratacus Stone at Wikimedia Commons