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Cardross (Scottish Gaelic: Càrdainn Ros) is a large village with a population of 2,193 (2011) in Scotland, on the north side of the Firth of Clyde, situated halfway between Dumbarton and Helensburgh. Cardross is in the historic geographical county of Dunbartonshire but the modern political local authority of Argyll and Bute. Cardross is also the name of an historic parish where King Robert the Bruce once lived. The Parish area stretched from the west side of Dumbarton to Camus Eskan (near Helensburgh) and even as far as Loch Long and also included the village of Renton in the Vale of Leven.
Robert the Bruce purchased the portions of lands of Pillanflatt from the Earl of Lennox, lying in the parish of Cardross in 1326. In 1329, he died at his manorial house that he built there. A field called the Mains of Cardross is thought to have been the location of his royal manor.
2 km north-west of Cardross is a peninsula called Ardmore Point. This privately owned area of land has a nature trail and is considered a Regionally Important Geographical Site (RIGS) due to unique rock formations including an exposed sea cliff. It is a popular fishing and bird-spotting area and grey seals can also be seen here.
There are a number of shops, including a post office, newsagents, pharmacy, plumber's merchant and a restaurant. Ardardan Estate is a working farm with a farm shop, plant nursery and tea room and is situated just outside Cardross near Ardmore Point.
A bus service is provided by First Glasgow.
Geilston Garden, a National Trust for Scotland property, is located to the north west of the village. There is also a ruined church, which was mistakenly bombed in World War 2 (thought to be a famous ship yard in clydebank), on the road passing by Cardross from nearby town Dumbarton.
The village has two places of worship: Cardross Parish Church (Church of Scotland) and a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to Saint Mahew. The original parish church was bombed during the Second World War and its ruins are located next to the former Church of Scotland manse.
There are nearly fifty listed buildings/structures in Cardross, two of which are category A.
Some structures of note:
- The 14th century St. Mahew's Chapel. Most recently restored in the 1950s as a Catholic church which remains in use.
- The former St. Peter's Seminary, designed by Gillespie, Kidd & Coia, is situated to the north of the village; it is closed to the public. Abandoned in the late 1980s, it is in a state of dilapidation, particularly internally. Its future is uncertain.
- The ruined 15th-century Kilmahew Castle that was built by the Napier Clan is situated just north of the village.
- The main road through the village goes over Moore's Bridge(1688).
A. J. Cronin, the celebrated doctor and writer, was born in Cardross in 1896.
- Strathleven Artizans: Robert the Bruce King of Scots
- The Geology of Ardmore Point
- "Clydebirds". Clydebirds. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- "Ardmore Point, near Helensburgh". Walkhighlands. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- Ardardan Estate: Welcome to Ardardan
- Cardross Golf Club Web Site
- List of listed buildings in Cardross, Argyll and Bute
- Historic Scotland's Statement of Significance for St. Peter's
- "Ardardan Estate: Welcome to Ardardan". Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Strathleven Artizans: Cardross". Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Area Profile of 46 Ward Cardross (Argyll and Bute 2001 Census Factsheets)".
- "The Geology of Ardmore Point" (PDF). Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Strathleven Artizans: Robert the Bruce King of Scots". Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "Hermitage Academy web page".
- "Cardross Golf Club".
- "Historic Scotland's Statement of Significance for St. Peter's" (PDF). Retrieved 31 December 2010.
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