Carl E. Moses
Carl Eugene Moses (July 16, 1929 – April 30, 2014) was an American businessman from Unalaska, Alaska who served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1965 to 1973 as both a Republican and Democrat, and was elected again to the House in 1992 running on the Alaskan Independence Party ticket, later switched back to the Democrats, and served until 2007. Moses served a total of eleven full terms in the Alaska House, making him the longest-serving member in the history of that body. In the 2006 primary election, Moses was defeated for renomination by Bryce Edgmon, losing via a coin toss after the election results wound up in court and were later certified by the state of Alaska as ending in a tie vote.
Carl Eugene Moses was born on July 16, 1929 in Santa Cruz, California, of mixed Aleut and German heritage. He moved to Pauloff Harbor, Alaska in 1933. He attended Edison Tech from 1954–57, and the University of Washington. He spent two years in the United States Army, and in 1960 moved to King Cove, Alaska. In 1966 he moved to Unalaska, and started a business called Carl's Commercial Co., eventually including a store, hotel and bar, of which he was owner and operator (in 1977 this was to become Carl's Inc., of which he remained president).
Moses served on the King Cove City Council from 1963-64. In 1964 he was elected to the 12th Alaska House district as a Republican, defeating Democrat Niels P. Thomson 503 to 326 to replace Democratic incumbent Arthur J. Harris  In 1966 he served a term on the Alaska Rural Housing Board, and was re-elected to the House over former Democratic State Representative Charles J. Franz, 461 to 357. In 1968 he again defeated Franz, 461-388. By 1970, alienated like other Alaska Republicans such as Wally Hickel by the Nixon administration, he had switched to the Democratic Party, and was re-elected without opposition. In 1972, after a redistricting, he was replaced by fellow Democratic incumbent Edward F. Naughton. In 1973, he was appointed to a seat on the Alaska Department of Fish and Game Board.
Return to the House
In 1992, Moses was elected to the 40th House district on the Alaskan Independence Party ticket, defeating Democrat Dennis Robinson 1829 votes to 1600. He switched his party affiliation back to the Democratic Party on May 24, 1994 (at around the same time that incumbent Governor Wally Hickel, also elected on the AIP ticket, returned to the Republicans), and continued to serve in the House, winning races as a Democrat with 87% of the vote or more until the 2004 election, which he won with 2652 votes to 1527 for his Republican opponent.
Coin toss loss
In the 2006 Democratic primary election for the House seat, Moses was tied with Bryce Edgmon at 767 votes each. There was a coin toss to determine the winner, and Moses lost. Moses ran a write-in campaign against Edgmon and Republican nominee Ron Bowers. Edgmon won, with 2020 votes to 950 for Moses and 812 for Bowers.
The Aleut Corporation
Moses served from 1974-78 as President of The Aleut Corporation. In December 1978, a court ruled that Moses had orchestrated "inaccurate, false and misleading statements" during the April 1977 election for corporate directors, and ordered a new election. Moses eventually resigned his position as president, and was later sued by the Corporation for an alleged conspiracy involving unwise real estate purchases in a subdivision. In 2008 Moses began a new term on the Corporation's board of directors.
- Alaska Legislature Roster of Members 1913-2010 (pdf). Juneau: Alaska Legislative Affairs Agency. 2010.
- Lewis, Mike. "For some, Alaska oil spill will be season's big haul: Cleanup lights economic fire, brightening a dark December" Seattle Post-Intelligencer December 20, 2004
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- "AK State House 40 - Party Switch" ourcampaigns.com
- "Moses, Carl E." ourcampaigns.com
- "AK State House 37" (2004) campaigns.com
- "AK State House 37 - D Primary" (2006) ourcampaigns.com
- AK State House 37 (2006) ourcampaigns.com
- "Past TAC Directors" The Aleut Corporation website
- Wilson, Bill. "New Aleut voter ordered; Judge cites inaccuracies." Anchorage Daily News December 19, 1978; p. 1, col. 3
- Hunter, Don. "Aleut Corp levies land conspiracy charges" Anchorage Daily News September 18, 1979; pp. A-1, A-8
- "Former Rep. Carl Moses dies". KTOO-TV. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "Carl Moses, Longtime State Representative, Dies in Sand Point". KTUU. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Carl Moses at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature