Carol Summers

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Carol Summers
Born(1925-12-26)December 26, 1925
DiedOctober 27, 2016(2016-10-27) (aged 90)
Alma materBard College
Known forPrintmaker

Carol Summers (December 26, 1925 – October 27, 2016) was widely known as one of America's foremost printmakers, creating works by woodcut process.

Early life and education[edit]

Carol Summers was born in 1925 in Kingston, New York. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Bard College in 1951, studying with Stefan Hirsch and Louis Schanker.


Summers created his prints through a process he developed in the 1950s that became known in as the "Carol Summers technique": soaking large blocks of wood in ink, he placed them in patterns on one side of a piece of paper in order to, as one reviewer described his work, "give beautiful, blurry, shapes to the other side. The results are simple, decorative and uniquely vibrant."[1]

Summers's work is part of the permanent collection of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Brooklyn Museum,[1] the Museum of Modern Art in New York City[2] and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.[3]

In addition to his art, Summers had a career as a teacher, serving as an instructor at Hunter College, the Brooklyn Museum School, Pratt Graphics Center, and Columbia University.[4]

Personal life[edit]

He was a resident of Santa Cruz, California, where he died on October 27, 2016, at the age of 90.[5]


  1. ^ a b Davies, Serena (September 11, 2006). "Under a grand: Carol Summers". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  2. ^ "Carol Summers | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "Summers, Carol | Works of Art". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Summers, Carol | Biography". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  5. ^ Summers, Carol (November 20, 2016). "Obituary notice". Santa Cruz Sentinel. Retrieved December 21, 2016 – via

External links[edit]