A Carroll diagram, Lewis Carroll's square, biliteral diagram or a two-way table is a diagram used for grouping things in a yes/no fashion. Numbers or objects are either categorised as 'x' (having an attribute x) or 'not x' (not having an attribute 'x'). They are named after Lewis Carroll, the pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
Although Carroll diagrams can be as simple as the first one above, the most well known types are those similar to the second one, where two attributes are shown. The 'universe' of a Carroll diagram is contained within the boxes in the diagram, as any number or object has to either have an attribute or not have it.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carroll diagrams.|
- Ameis, Jerry (2010). "Venn and Carroll Diagrams". Mathematical Tale Winds. Faculty of Education, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada. Archived from the original on 2017-05-03. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- Shin, Sun-Joo; Lemon, Oliver; Mumma, John (2013-09-17) [2001-08-28]. "Diagrams". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP). Retrieved 2015-05-03.
- Mac Queen, Gailand (October 1967). The Logic Diagram (PDF) (Thesis). McMaster University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-04-14. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- Edwards, Anthony William Fairbank (2004). Cogwheels of the Mind: The Story of Venn Diagrams. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-7434-3.
- Bogomolny, Alexander (2017) . "Lewis Carroll's Logic Game". Cut-the-knot. Archived from the original on 2017-05-03. Retrieved 2017-05-03.