Cash out refinancing
Cash out refinancing (in the case of real property) occurs when a loan is taken out on property already owned, and the loan amount is above and beyond the cost of transaction, payoff of existing liens, and related expenses.
The compound noun "refinancing" is composed of the Latin prefix "re" (back, again but also against, against) and the word stem "financing" (Latin financia, "payment") and is a deverbal derivative. Strictly speaking, all refinancing of debt is "cash-out," when funds retrieved are utilized for anything other than repaying an existing loan.
In the case of common usage of the term, cash out refinancing occurs when equity is liquidated from a property above and beyond sum of the payoff of existing loans held in lien on the property, loan fees, costs associated with the loan, taxes, insurance, tax reserves, insurance reserves, and in the past any other non-lien debt held in the name of the owner being paid by loan proceeds.
Justification in the context of money creation by commercial banks
When granting loans or purchasing assets on the asset side of their balance sheets, commercial banks generate book money in the form of demand deposits in checking accounts for their customers on the liability side (see money creation). Through giro transfers by customers of these funds to other banks, through withdrawals, and through transactions by the bank itself, these liabilities of the bank change into other forms, such as time and savings deposits as well as debt securities (savings bonds), interbank loans, or liabilities to the central bank. In addition, banks must meet minimum reserve requirements and minimum capital requirements for credit risk under Basel III.
In the broadest sense, a bank refers to the risk-adjusted management of all balance sheet items that have arisen in return for lending business as refinancing. In this context, demand deposits are included among the sources of funding. In the narrowest sense, on the other hand, the Deutsche Bundesbank defines refinancing simply as the procurement of central bank money by commercial banks.
In banking, refinancing is only used for cash loans. This is not the case, however, for credit transactions in the context of lending (guarantee credits such as sureties).
Example of cash out refinancing
A homeowner who owes $80,000 on a home valued at $200,000 has $120,000 in equity. This equity can be liquidated with a cash-out refinance loan providing the loan is larger than $80,000.
The total amount of equity that can be withdrawn with a cash-out refinance is dependent on the mortgage lender, the cash-out refinance program, and other relative factors, such as the value of the home.
Differences between Cashout Refinance and Home Equity Loan
- A home equity loan is a separate loan on top of a first mortgage.
- A cash-out refinance is a replacement of a first mortgage.
- The interest rates on a cash-out refinancing are usually, but not always, lower than the interest rate on a home equity loan.
- The borrower pays the mortgage refinance closing costs.
- Generally, the borrower does not pay closing costs for a home equity loan.
- Closing costs can amount to hundreds or thousands of dollars.
The opposite, "rate-and-term" refinancing, occurs when a better note rate, better loan terms, or both become available to an owner which restructures their debt portfolio as it relates to liens held against a subject property. Consolidating multiple loans into one loan without extracting cash is also a rate-and-term.
Loan-to-value limits, and other factors in loan approval determine how much cash can be taken out from the equity of any one property.
- ^ Michael Lohde, Wortbildung des modernen Deutschen, 2006, S. 153
- ^ "Deutsche Bundesbank, Glossar". Retrieved 2018-11-07.
- ^ "Refinance differences". Retrieved 2020-08-12.